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Datura Stramonium

Datura Stramonium

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Scientific Name: The scientific name is Datura stramonium.

Common Name: The most common names of Datura Stramonium are Jimsonweed, Jamestown weed, thorn-apple, stinkweed, datura.

Family: Solanaceae.

Plant Description: Annual medicine, green branch to purplish, dull scented, with rotate, plain, coarsely toothed leaves; flower solitary, large, a tubular plant with five thin lobes at the top, white or lavender; fruit a bristly capsule with different seeds.

Symptoms: The symptoms of Datura Stramonium are as follows- warm, dry, and red skin, hallucinations, pupil dilation, unnecessary headache, delirium, continuous and weak pulse, tremors and coma.

Basic description: Different branched, spreading, juicy, annual or perennial with dark white to light purple color of tinged perfumed solitary flowers.

The foliage of Datura Stramonium is dark green above, silvery or shiny grey below and unclean smelling.

Plants grow up to the height of two to four feet and increase readily, most commonly reaching a diameter of four to five feet.

Medicinal Uses: with the serious concern of Medical uses of Datura Stramonium are, Datura stramonium is still used to treat or mainly use for asthma, and gastrointestinal problems, irregular headaches, also aches, abscesses, swellings, arthritis, boils, hemorrhoids, rattlesnake bites, sprains, and tumors. It acts as a tranquilizer in maximum doses and as a refreshment or herb tonic and deliriant in large ones. Datura Stramonium is an insipid, antibiotic, antispasmodic and narcotic.

Relieve from the serious pains of rheumatism and sciatica when it is applied as salve or balm, and easing tremors of Parkinson’s type of the disease are unverified accounts of the effects of Jimson wild plant.

Most of the plant of Datura Stramonium is used for medicinal reasons. Consuming the seeds rapidly gets the plant to the nervous system process, but as well increases the risk of deadly overdose. The leaves can be dried out and smoked to get relax the bronchiole power of the throat.

Emblica Officinalis

Emblica Officinalis

Traditional Name: Amla or Indian Gooseberry

Botanical Name: Euphorbiaceae, Emblica officinalis,.

Additional Names: Emblic myrobalan, Indian Gooseberry, Amalaki Amla. Family: The Emblica Officinalis related to the family of Euphorbiaceae.

English names: The most popular English name of Emblica Officinalis is Emblic, myrobalan-tree, Indian gooseberry. Basics: Emblica Officinalis or Amla is the most useful celebrated herbal medicines which are mainly used in the Indian conventional system of medicine, Ayurveda.

Emblica Officinalis or Amla’s usual uses include as an eyewash medicine, laxative, appetite refreshment, restorative tonic or medicine, and to the proper treatment of anorexia, dyspepsia, diarrhea, jaundice, and anemia.

Emblica Officinalis or Amla is now gradually better known for its extraordinarily high percentage of Vitamin C, which is basically famous for it’s unwilling to heat and storage spoils by cooking. Part Used: The part of Emblica Officinalis is Fruit.

Habitat: Mainly found in Northern and South Western India.

Uses: The main use of Emblica Officinalis or Amla is that It is Aperients, Carminative, Diuretic, Aphrodisiac, Laxative, sharp and Refrigerant. Emblica Officinalis is the richest known basis of vitamin ‘C’. It is useful in anemia, jaundice, dyspepsia, diabetes, asthma, hemorrhage disorders, and bronchitis. It cures sleeplessness and is to make healthy for hair.

Chemical composition: Emblica Officinalis or Amla is greatly nourishing and is the main dietary source of Vitamin C that means it includes the high quantity of Vitamin C, amino acids and minerals.

The not poisonous fruit of Emblica Officinalis tissue includes protein concentration three-fold and ascorbic herb acid focus one sixtyfold.

The fruit of Emblica Officinalis or amla also has a significantly maximum combination of almost all amino acids and minerals than apples.

Glutamic, lysine, alanine acid, proline, and aspartic acid are 30%, 5.3% 15.6%, 5.3%, and 9.1%, respectively of the whole amino acids.

Ephedra Vulgaris Guggul

Ephedra Vulgaris Guggul

Ephedra Vulgaris Guggul

Common names: The most common names of Guggul are Gugulipid, Gum Guggulu.

Botanical name: The botanical name of Guggul is Commiphora Mukul.

Basics: Guggul is a type of resin that is created by the branch of the Commiphora Mukul tree, relatively small plant, and prickly local plant of India.

Previously Guggul has been commonly used in bond with an extensive range of conditions, such as obesity and rheumatism.

One of the main and main chronological indications of it’s was for make use of with a specific state identified as medoroga, which means that a disease identically comparable to the current explanation or theory of atherosclerosis.

Uniform or homogeneous Guggul extorts are permitted in India for decreasing eminent triglyceride serum and cholesterol levels.

Ayurvedic use:

Guggul includes the ketonic steroid composites which are acknowledged as guggulsterones that are supposed to be dependable for Guggul’s cholesterol and triglyceride-lowering actions.

Not only can Guggul decrease triglyceride and cholesterol levels but it also decreases the levels of VLDL and LDL cholesterols which is basically the ghastly cholesterols whilst elevating HDL cholesterol which is good cholesterol.

Guggul for Weight Loss: Guggul is used also to decrease the weight in any condition. In several studies, Guggul supposedly has revealed to raise the construction of thyroid hormone.

While thyroid hormone is concerned in the cells’ collapse of fat, carbohydrates, and protein, hypothetically this made medicine should support to lose the weight.

Side Effects: According to the study it has clearly shown that Guggul can some reason for side effects, with diarrhea, abdominal pain, anorexia, and skin complaint.

Current extracts about Guggul are more disinfect and some side effects have been accounted with the use of the long term.

Interesting fact: The interesting fact about Guggul is that it is mainly used for Control the Weight.

Gymnema Sylvestre

gymnema sylvestre

Gymnema Sylvestre

Family: The Gymnema Sylvestre hardly belongs to the Asclepiadaceae.

Sanskrit: The Sanskrit name of Gymnema Sylvestre is Meshasringa.

Hindi: The most familiar name of Gymnema Sylvestre in Hindi is Gurmar.

English: The English name is Gurmar. Unani: Representation on Unani language of Gymnema Sylvestre is Gokhru.

Tamil: The Tamil name of Gymnema Sylvestre is Sirukurinjan Part Used: Root, leaves are mostly used to utilize in Medicine.

Pharmacological Action: Diuretic, astringent, hypoglycemic, refrigerant, stomachic are the Pharmacological use of Gymnema Sylvestre.

Basics: Gymnema Sylvestre is used for medicinally purpose in Southeast Asia and India for the perfect cure of sugary urine or anything refers to in the Western side for diabetes medicine or hyperglycemia.

Ancient times in India, Gymnema Sylvestre is known as Gurmar as per the Indian name, which means sharp sweetie killer in Sanskrit.

Leaves of Gymnema Sylvestre, whether haul out or messed into tea leaves, suppress glucose combination and decrease the feeling of sugariness in any kind of foods which directly effects and may deliver essential health profit for persons who really want to decrease the level of sugar in blood or weight of the body.

Usage of Gymnema Sylvestre: The main uses of Gymnema Sylvestre are to reduce the blood sugar directive and glucose quantity.

Gymnema Sylvestre has been continuously utilized in India for the healing of diabetes from the ancient years.

The herb of Gymnema Sylvestre has exposed to decrease blood sugar, plasma proteins, and glycosylated hemoglobin when continuously used for 19-20 months.

Loss of weight: Gymnema Sylvestre could also control and reduce your body weight. The Gymnema Sylvestre effectively used for reducing the weight. It is also more effective to control the weight.

Important Fact: Gymnema Sylvestre may change the required dosage for other medicines, which are commonly used to treat diabetes such as glipizide, metformin, and insulin resulting in hypoglycemia.




Botanical Name: Hedychium Spicatum.

Family Name: Zingiberaceae.

Common Name: Hedichium, Kapur Kachri. Part Used: Rhizomes

Habitat: Mainly Grows in Sub steamy Himalayas.

Uses: it is basically used in Nausea, Bronchial Asthma, Halitosis, and Vomiting. And it is also useful in reduced appetite, hiccups, local inflammation, etc.

Similar species: The most common and familiar spices of Hedychium categories is Hedychium Flavescens.

Description: This species of Hedychium basically from the Himalayas and it grows up to 6 ft (1.8 m) tall with long; leaves are bright green clasping the tall branch.

This is the mainly widely refined species; it always prefers a warm, hot and frost-free climate even though it will grow outside of the temperate areas that have light simply, occasional frosts.

The colors of plant flowers are fragrant red and creamy yellow, held in opaque or thick spikes, emerge towards the end of summer seasons.

This species has measured a weed in some places like in the north side of New Zealand. Organism type: it is basically an herb type of organism.

This showy decorative or attractive ginger grows over a meter tall in damp climates and grows as well from sea level to an elevation of 1,700 meters.

It relocates inhabitant plants, forms enormous, dense colonies and chokes the understory plants.

Suitable Climate: Hedychium or Kahili ginger mainly grows in open glow or bright environments requires a warm and hot moist climate; on the other hand it will easily or readily grow in full shade under a forest awning.

Culture: Hedychiums always requires the humus-rich, wet or moist but well-drained soil in a part-shaded location.

Occurs in: The Hedychiums is mainly found in different and selective places such as agricultural areas, coastland, disturbed or troubled areas, natural forests, planted forests, range or grasslands, riparian zones, scrub or shrublands, urban areas, swampland.


Henna Plant

Henna Plant

Scientific Name: Lawsonia Inermis

Common Name or English Name: Henna, Mehndi, Mendee, Al-Henna, and Smooth Lawsonia.

Commercial Use: The parts of Lawsonia Inermis plant that are used for the marketable purpose are flowers, the fruit of the plant and its leaves which are dried and crushed into powder. The flowers of the plant are also used in perfumes.

Utilization: Lawsonia Inermis or Henna is considered as a very useful herbal plant having multi-purpose usage.

Leaves of this plant are not only used separately but are also forms an important part of many skin ointments because it is a very good remedy in treating pale yellow patches on the skin, not only that it also used in curing typhoid(condition of high fever).

Henna is used as a cooling agent and is used even in deodorant. Henna oil or a thick henna paste is applied on to the hair to prevent greyness.

Henna is used in many ayurvedic medicines too. Henna Oil is extracted from within the flower of the henna plant which is then used for treating muscle pain, headache, and wounds.

The outer portion of the plant i.e, the bark, is used to cure jaundice, eczema( skin disease), burns, ulcers, itching, and swelling.

It is very commonly used as a conditioner. But the most common form of henna usage can be found in drawing of designs on hands, feet, etc.

Application of henna has now become a specialized tattoo art. Mehndi is extremely popular in many South Asia countries during the wedding and festive season.

But in some cases, the application of henna or black henna causes an allergic reaction on sensitive skin.

Environment: Henna is a kind of shrub that can grow up to a height of 7 m and its bark (outer layer of the plant) is greyish brown in color.

It is mostly grown in regions having a semi-dry climate.

Hyoscyamus Niger

Hyoscyamus Niger Hullukaali

Hyoscyamus Niger Hullukaali

Scientific Name: Hyoscyamus Niger.

Common Name or English Name: Henbane, Bird Feed, and Black Henbane. In the country of Nepal, Hyoscyamus Niger is known by the name of Khursani

Jano and in many ayurvedic medicines, various components of this particular plant are also added and is known by its Sanskrit name (Indian Language) of Parasika Yavani.

Commercial use: Seeds, flowers and leaves are that part of Hyoscyamus Niger plant that is brought into use for various marketable purposes.

Utilization: Henbane plant is very useful in treating different ailments and is widely used in many medicines because of high nutritious value.

It is also used as a food in feeding birds.

Many gastric disorders, skin swelling, diarrhea, asthma, and cough can be cured by henbane plant.

Its seeds are used as a tranquilizer in treating certain nervous contagion. If taken in heavy dosages, all parts of the plant can be very toxic. It is also used as a painkiller in treating urinary ailments. Recently, it has been used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.

Oil extracted from its seeds is useful in relieving a person of dental pain.

Environment: It is a kind of weed, so Hyoscyamus Niger plant grows up to a height of 5m. This kind of plant grows twice in a year.

The soil suitable for the sowing of its seeds normally has clay type properties in it and has the water-absorbing capacity in it.

It is a very stinking kind of a flowery shrub that has very hairy leaves with yellowish-green in color. Seeds of this weed plant are mostly black in color.

Hyoscyamus Niger cannot grow in shadow; it needs adequate sunlight for its proper growth and the best part is that the plant can sustain exposure from the sea.

Plant of hyoscyamus Niger starts bearing flowers in the month of June to August.

Juglans Regia

Juglans Regia

Juglans Regia

Scientific Name: Juglans Regia

Common Name or English Name: Walnut and Akhrot.

Commercial use: For all marketable purposes, leaves bark and fruits are the parts of a walnut tree that are brought into use. Its oil is very useful besides that walnut tea is also very popular.

Edible oil of walnuts must not be stored for too long because it can rotten very quickly.

Environment: Walnut tree is basically cultivated in areas having a cold climate, especially, the Himalayan region.

Flowers can be destroyed if the temperature goes beyond -2 degree.

Tree of Juglans Regia grows up to a height of 20m. Its leaves are 20-90 cm long. There are 21 species all around the world of the walnut tree.

Utilization: Leaves of Juglans Regia have a very cutting edge but they also are used as a stimulant in many cases but they are very useful in the treatment of skin diseases such as eczema and vernal disease. Its fruits have a very sweet taste.

Its nuts are edible (cooked) in nature and are eaten as a dry fruit all over the world. Walnuts and its oil are extremely useful in lowering cholesterol level.

Walnuts trees are often planted in gardens because of their striking exterior. Walnuts can reduce the injurious effect of fat deposits on blood vessels.

Its seeds are used on cakes; ice-creams are also eaten in its raw form.

It also acts as a blood purifier and is useful in treating many respiratory ailments and backache. Walnut also has many anti-cancer properties.

It is extremely helpful in treating an anemic patient.

Interesting fact:

  • The outer shell of walnut is also used as a wood polish.
  • Its wood is also used to make wooden showcases and window border.
  • In many agricultural practices, leaves of walnut tree are used as pests repellent.

Take one hour before going to sleep and avoid drinking water afterward. This tonic will increase the Dhatus, strengthens the lungs and increases blood circulation together with cleaning the bowels and alleviating the Vittas and Pittas.



image source: Liquorice

Scientific Name: Glycyrrhiza Glabra

Common Name or English Name: Mulethi, Sweet Liquorice, and Sweetwood.

Marketable use: For commercial purposes, the roots of Glycyrrhiza Glabra are used. Its juice which is black in color is imported from several other countries such as Italy, Spain, Russia, and Britain.

Environment: It’s a perennial growing to a height of 1 m to 3 ¼ ft. Pea flowers of Glycyrrhiza Glabra plant are whitish-violet. There are around 14 species of Sweetwood plant in the world.

In India, it is normally grown in North and South India. It best grows in rich alluvial soil in which there is a large amount of moisture.

Seeds for this plant should be best sown in October, February, and March. This particular plant flourishes in the ending months of the summer season.

Utilization: Roots of Glycyrrhiza Glabra are a source of licorice used medicinally and as a confectionery ingredient. It’s a very useful medicine for curing cough and catarrhal (swelling of the mucous membrane, especially of the nose, with a watery discharge) infections and also in severe bronchitis and in some cases of mild fever.

Mulethi is also used as a flavoring agent in tobacco, beverages (drinks) and jams.

Juice of this plant is not used in combination when preparing medicines.

Mulethi or Glycyrrhiza Glabra is a very important component in almost all cough- related medicines. It is also used in treating many menstrual disorders and many skin related diseases.

Interesting Facts:

  • Glycyrrhiza Glabra fixes surrounding nitrogen, thereby reducing pollution.
  • Cold weather prevents its roots from the formation of juices making it more woody and tough.
  • Sugar extract in its roots can even be taken by patients of diabetes.
  • In ancient times, it was also used for horse-related ailments.
  • Glycyrrhiza Glabra is used as a spice in many western countries than as a medicine.

Monarda “Bee Balm”

This can be said to be a native American healing herb. Monarda or “bee balm” as it is more commonly known, has a place in American history. Colonists drank it after they dumped the highly taxed English tea into the Boston Harbor.

Commonly called bee balm because of its attractiveness to bees, Monarda is also attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.

Monarda bee balmimage credited: gardeningknowhow

A member of the Lamiaceae or mint family, Monarda didyma is the species historically used for medicinal purposes. Monarda contains thymol, which is an antiseptic. Native Americans used poultices of the plant for skin infections and the treatment of minor wounds.

It was also used to treat mouth and throat infections, such as gingivitis. Thymol is used today as a primary ingredient in commercially manufactured mouthwashes.

The genus contains both annual and perennial varieties, with the perennial varieties most often grown in home gardens. They produce flowers at the ends of the stems in colors ranging from crimson to red, to pink and light purple.

Plant bee balm in full sun and moist, well-drained soil. They can stand a little afternoon shade but flower production will suffer if they don’t get enough sun. You can start them from seed by scattering it in the garden after soil temperatures have warmed to about 70 degrees.

Because it needs to be divided every 3 to 4 years, Monarda is most often propagated by root division. Divide the plants in early spring and replant at least 18 inches apart for the shorter varieties and 2 to 3 feet apart for varieties that grow up to three feet high.

Monarda often is susceptible to white powdery mildew, especially if they don’t have enough room to breathe. If plants begin to show signs of mildew, start by removing the affected lower leaves, as this will sometimes prevent it from spreading up the plant.

A strong spray of water from the hose followed by a good spray with a mixture of 1 part milk to 2 parts water can stop powdery mildew from spreading. Milk changes the pH of the leaves and prevents the mildew from adhering to them.

Be sure to spray the undersides of the leaves as well. This can also be used as a preventive measure if sprayed weekly from midsummer on.

After the flowers fade, cut the plants down to within a few inches of the ground and they may give you another round of blooms in late summer.

Moringa Oleifera

Can refer to here for the detail of this herb.

Mucuna Pruriens

Mucuna Pruriens

Scientific Name: Mucuna Pruriens

Common Name or English Name: Cowitch, Konch, Kapikachu (Term of Sanskrit) and Cowhage (Latin term)

Commercial use: Roots, Seeds, and leaves are commercially used in the market. It is also used as food crops in major African countries surpassing their therapeutic values.

Utilization: Its seeds are having severe tastes that are laxative in nature and are also used as an energizing drink.

Mucuna Pruriens is the popular medicines in India and is one of the significant constituents of many medicines.

Seeds of this plant contain an anti-Parkinson’s element and are in great demand on the international as well as domestic front. Seeds are crushed into powder for this purpose.

Roots of this plant are used in the cure of constipation, elephantiasis, ulcers, and typhoid, etc.

Leaves of Kapikachu are used for treating swelling and general weakness.

It can also boost the making of human growth hormones and also strengthens muscles and it also increases tissue flexibility and develops better coordination.

Mucuna Pruriens forms an important in the study of neurology and is also used in the treatment of sexual diseases.

It is also helpful in maintaining healthy cholesterol and blood sugar levels.

Environment: Mucuna Pruriens is an accepted Kharif crop in India; the seeds of which are sown in the month of July.

Flowers on this crop starts coming in the plant normally after 45 days of sowing of seeds. Flowers have white or purple colors.

It is a long climbing crop that can grow up to 15 meters.

This plant is also having long loose orange hairs that cause a rigorous burning sensation when comes in contact with skin.

It is found in humid areas of Africa, India and the Caribbean islands.

When there is a temperature below 10 degrees C, it needs to be grown in an indoor area.

Papaver Somniferum

Papaver Somniferum

Papaver Somniferum

Scientific Name: Papaver Somniferum.

Common Name or English Name: Poppy seeds, Aphim, Opium poppy, etc.

Papaver Somniferum is made from a plant which is known by the name of the opium poppy.

For obtaining Papaver Somniferum, the shells of its young and green seeds are dried and its extract is acquired.

The opium poppy was brought into use by many early civilizations because of its basic quality of mitigating the soreness or any type of ache, putting people into slumber & help in making an individual psychologically fit.

Afghanistan is hot-bed for growing opium and has also become a major source of income for many.

Commercial Use: For commercial purposes and that too legally, the dosage of opium has always been used in a very small amount.

But, the trade-in opium is generally done illegally and is smuggled across the world to be smoked as an intoxicant.

For that, huge cultivation of its seeds and flowers is done. In different countries, Papaver Somniferum is known by different names but the basic difference lies in quality and look.

Oil extracted from poppy seeds is used in cooking oil.

The flower of the opium plant is used for intoxication purposes whereas its seeds are used for medical purposes.

Utilization: But remember, opium seeds are an excellent source of energy; are often used as a stimulant and are commonly used in foods and salad decoration.

It is often used as a painkiller, antiseptic and hypnotic medicine.

But it has many therapeutic properties also, for instance, it is used in the treatment of asthma, wounds, cough problem, high fever, headache, cancer, eye infection, depression, swelling, sleeplessness, malaria, blood pressure, vomiting, and toothache.

Though it cures many diseases, excessive dosage of opium can have harmful effects on the brain.

Environment: Opium plant normally grows to a height of around 1 meter and bears white double lobbed flowers.

Its seeds are normally sown in between September and April. It develops to its fullest in the autumn or spring season. Papaver Somniferum can be grown in a spacious garden having a good drainage facility.

Ponnanganni Keerai Plant – The Golden Green

This Ponnanganni Keerai Plant is found throughout the warmer parts of India. It grows well in alluvial soil, marshes, and swamps. It spreads over the ground in small plants with dark green or yellow leaves, similar to the leaves of the tamarind tree.

Some Knowledge to Share With You About The Plant

  • Botanical name: Alternanthera Sessilis
  • Botanical Family: Amaranthaceae
  • Telugu: Poonnaganta Kura
  • Tamil: Ponnanganni Keerai plant
  • Sanskrit: Meenakshi Mathsyakshi
  • Kannada: Vanagone Sappu

Ponnanganni Keerai

Main characteristics
Plant: Galactagogue, Cholagogue ( a medicine that promotes the flow of bile), febrifuge (an agent that lessens fever)

Stem and leaves: Young shoots are nutritious and contain protein 5% and Iron 16.7 mg / 100 gm.

There are two varieties that you can find with this plant – local and ‘foreign’. The ‘foreign’ is cultivated for decoration and beauty is garners. Native variety is a super green plant.

The word ‘Pon’ in the vernacular name of the plant (Ponnanganni) means ‘gold’. Therefore, you should have an idea of how people appreciate this plant as it is so precious like gold. Once you get the herb, you can fry the ghee with a bit of salt and pepper. It is advisable for you to take the recipe continuously for 48 days. As a result, the plant is effective to help bring about the body beauty, eyes cooling and give you a golden glow skin.

While for slender or lean persons, they can gain weight and strength by eating this green leaves that cooked with Tuvar dal, and ghee.

For lactating mother, consumption of this plant leaves can increase the production of breast milk.

Ponnanganni can boost liver functionality. If you consume the plant together with white garlic, it can cure chronic constipation and piles problem.

For people who are having hot’ body, they are advised to take two ounces of the Ponnanganni juice and mixed with 4 ounces of cow or goat milk. By drinking such a mixture of juice, our body can gain strength and stay healthy.

More Usage and Recipes of Ponnanganni Keerai Plant

You can combine the other ‘super green’ – Karisilanganni (Eclipta Alba) juice with the Ponnanganni juice, add gingelly oil, heat all these together, strain and cool.

Use of this oil can improves hair growth. It cools the body, improves eyesight.

In another method, obtain 100 m. liter of Ponnanganni juice and mix it with an equal quantity of gingerly oil. You can add herbs like ( each 30 gm), Koshtam ( custom speciosus). Black Jeera, water lily ( tuber – Pontedria Yaginalis), Liquorice, thoroughly cleaned and ground with cow milk. Add these herbs to the oil and Ponnanganni Juice, heat on a low fire. When the water is evaporated and the oil reddens, remove from fire and store when cooked. This Thailam is good for hair, eyesight & reduces body heat.

Every day early in the morning, you can take 30ml of Ponnanganni juice to mix with 30ml of cow milk on an empty stomach, in the early morning. By doing so, it can effectively reduce the heat of the body and promotes nourishment. If you can’t find cow milk with you, you can substitute with goat milk.

You can use Ponnanganni to make food in any form of aid it will provide good nutrition especially is good for the eyes.


pudina leaves

Scientific Name: Mentha Arvensis.

Generally, whether used for medical purpose or for giving an aromatic touch to your food, the whole plant of pudina is used. From the pudina leaves, mint oil is extracted which is normally used commercially.

Commercial name or English Name: Field Mint and Pudina. Pudina can be defined as a plant with fragrant leaves.

Comes in the category of mint and is used in kitchens throughout India. It is dark green in color and is used as a flavoring agent as it tastes like peppermint in cuisines world over.

Marketable use: Leaves and Mint oil extracted from pudina leaves. Mint oil is extracted from the leaves and is used for various commercial purposes. It is used in chewing gum, toothpaste, cakes, pastries and sweets, fish, soup, vinegar(sour liquid prepared from wine) and also for preparing medicines. It is highly used in while preparing curry in India.

Pudina chutney is one of the most highly popular forms of pudina.

Pudina chutney is taken after finishing the food because it helps in quick digestion of food.

Commercially, in India pudina comes in the form of Pudin Hara which is thick green colored syrup taken for gastric ailments.

Pudina tablets (round-shaped) are also available in the market and are normally given to a person suffering from vomiting, abdominal pain, cough problem, and high fever.

Climate: Pudina plant is small in size but it might vary from place to place. Pudina is available throughout India and the seeds of pudina plant are sown in between November or December and the plant is harvested in the month of March.

Interesting Fact: Pudina plant is that it is entirely antiseptic and after processing gives in methanol which is effective in curing headaches and many other ailments and is also used in preparing several medical ointments.

Psyllium Husk

Psyllium Husk

Psyllium Husk

Scientific Name: Plantago Ovata Husk

Common Name or English Name: Psyllium Husk, Plantago, and Isabgol.

Commercial Use: Seeds and husk of Plantago Ovata husk are marketed for commercial purpose. Isabgol is prepared by crushing the dried seeds of Plantago Ovata Husk.

In some cereals also, Psyllium Husk is an important and specially added part in some cornflakes and cereals.

Environment: Earlier the plant was grown exclusively in the continent of Africa, the area around the Mediterranean sea and in some parts of India but now it is being grown basically everywhere in the world.

Utilization: Isabgol is very useful in stabilizing cholesterol level. Isabgol is a very good cooling agent and is taken in case of high inflammation and acidity in the stomach.

It is also useful in treating various gastronomical disorders.

Psyllium Husk also relieves a person from a recurring case of constipation. It is considered as a very useful herbal medicine having high fiber content and the best part is that it can be easily taken along with water.

Normally, Isabgol is taken with a good quantity of lukewarm water and must be taken as a first thing in the morning and last thing before night bedtime.

For people suffering from obesity, Isabgol needs to be taken half an hour before any kind of meal.

A more modernized form of Isabgol is that it can be taken in the form of capsules. Earlier, Psyllium Husk was almost tasteless, not liked by many people but now it is available in the market in different pleasing flavors such as orange, strawberry, etc. It is often utilized in treating diarrhea.

Isabgol is also taken by excessive fat people. It further prevents the development of colon cancer and breast cancer. When the dosage of Isabgol is to be given to children’s, it must be done so under the proper prescription of the doctor.

Pterocarpus Marsupium

Pterocarpus marsupium

Pterocarpus marsupium

Scientific Name: Pterocarpus Marsupium Roxb.

Common Name or English Name: Indian Kino tree and Kino.

Commercial Use: Wood, leaves, and flowers is that part of this kino tree that is used for the marketable purpose. In fact, Indian kino tree has also been used as apart of exchange program of clinical study between India and China.

Environment: Kino tree in India is normally found in the western ghats of the Karnataka-Kerala area. The Indian kino tree grows up to a height of 30 meters.

According to the report of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, this plant is one of the endangered species. It can be grown in a dry area.

Utilization: Leaves, heartwood, and flowers of kino tree are used for their medical properties in the ayurvedic system.

It is used in the treatment of inflammation and diabetes. Branch of this tree is used as an astringent and is often used in the treatment of toothaches.

Kino tree is used to treat leucoderma (decrease of white blood cells in the blood, Elephantitis, various cardiovascular problems and also prevents greyness of hair and tanning.

It is also a magical remedy for diabetic people and is often considered as one of the best herbal medicine by well-known experts.

Pterocarpus Marsupium has cell protective and regeneration property. It undoes any damage caused to newly formed cells.

Kino tree is also rich in aloe vera that nourishes and moisturizes the skin and protects it from pollution and dry weather.

Indian kino tree is also used in many skin nourishing creams. It’s taken from the vegetable extract. It is also used in alcohols in powdered form and when it is used it turns into deep red color.

Interesting fact: The branch of the kino tree contains an element known as epicatechin and when the bark comes in contact with water; the color of the water turns into blue.

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