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Glossary

Table of Contents

A

Abhyanga – The Ayurveda massage using healing herbal oils applied by two messieurs contemporarily. This practice facilitates the removal of and helps loosing accumulated Ama (toxins) and Doshas from the body.

Acara – An established rule, Good conduct.

Agada Tantra – Toxicology, one of Ayurveda medicine studies regarding poisonous extracts.

Agantuka – External member, a stranger.

Ahamkara – One’s conception of egoism, pride, haughtiness and individuality.

Ajasrika – Activities, like herbal treatments, that promote positive health.

Ajirna – Referring to indigestion disorders, even weakness in the process.

Akasa – Sky or atmosphere, free open space.

Akriti – External shape or Phsyical appearance.

Alabu – A dried gourd vessel.

Alocaka (pitta) – A governing vision Pitta, enabling vision.

Amala (Amalaki) – Emblica officinalis (Emblica myrobalan), an Ayurveda herb.

Amavata – Referred to in modern medicine as arthritis, Amavata is a disease caused by the ama and vata in the body.

Amla – Sour taste.

Anjana – Black pigment applied to the eyes and lashes.

Anna–Vaha Strotas – The digestive system, alimentary canal or channels transporting grains and food.

Anupana – A drink taken with or after medicine serving as a fluid vehicle, drink after eating.

Anurasa – Subordinate feeling, secondary taste.

Anuvasana (Basti) – Enema in any oily substance.

Apa – Water (element).

Apana – Type of Vata, responsible for expulsion bodily refuse.

Aparadha – Sin, wrong action, misuse, offence.

Apara-Ojas – One of the two vital fluids (ojas) in the body.

Ardhavabhedaka – A type of migrane.

Arsha – Sacred, Pious, Saintly.

Asana – One’s posture, seating or general positioning.

Asatmendriyart Samyoga – Improper contact of senses.

Asatmya – Bad, improper, unwholesome.

Asantga Hrdya – Ancient Ayurvedic text written by Vagabhatta.

Adaptogens – Herbs that improve… adapting to stress, infection, while also helps the glands.

Agni – Form of heat basis to the digestive system.

Ahara Rasa – Nutrient substance acted upon by digestive enzymes or bile juice.

Akasha – aggregate elemental process, free space or void, also related to the property of sound.

Alternatives – Alternative herbal remedies that conduct to normal health condition by purifying the blood.

Alochaka – One of the 5 Pittas that helps catching image of external objects.

Ama – Toxins in the blood stream.

Anodynes – Natural herbal medicine reducing nerve sensitivity.

Antihydrotics – Herbal product that decrease sweating.

Anthelmintics – Herb that expels worms from digestive system.

Anticoagulant – Coagulation in affected area resistant herb extract.

Anti –Inflammatory – restrains

Antioxidants – Herb that helps the refrain of enzymes and protecting cell membranes.

Antispasmodic – Used to relief spasm.

Apana – Regualtes exhalation and excretion.

Aphrodisiac – Stimulates sexual drive.

Appetizer – Apetite stimulator.

Artha – meaning an object of pursuit, satisfying in return.

Asthi – the Bone tissue.

Astringent – medicine for hemorrhages.

Atman – the true self, consciousness.

Atreya – author of Charaka Samitha

Aum (Om) – A,U,M, outer; inner; super state of consciousness.

Avalambaka – Nourishing, lubricating and protecting heart and sacrum particle.

Avyakta – indistinct, inarticulate, non evident.

Ayurveda – Ayur (life) Veda (knowledge), knowledge of longevity.

B

Bala – Sanskrit word meaning strength.

Balya – Energizer for body strength.

Bheda – Division, Variety, Distinction.

Bhrajaka (Pitta)– Type of Pitta that gives shine and color to the skin.

Bhutagni – heat that digests elements (Bhuta)

Bhuta-vidya – Science dealing in micro organisms, demonology and evil spirits.

Bhakti – Devotion, faithfulness, loyalty and homage to the almighty.

Basti – The Ayurveda therapy of panchkama for the enema.

Bhedaniya – Substances that help the fecal excretion.

Bhrajaka – Pitta substance for the color of the skin and luster.

Bodhaka – A type of Kapha situated at the top cover of our mouth, enables taste.

Brahma – The first God in the Hindu Trinity, creator of all mankind.

Bruhaniya – Herbal remedies and herbal medicine that enhance growth.

Buddhi – Referring to the intellect of every living being, faculty of wisdom and Intelligence. There are two types of Buddhi, the Pitta Buddhi with its potential to discriminate, understand and appreciate within a strong remote and recent memory.

The other type of Buddhi, the kapha, is on the other hand slow and dull and has a very low limited ability to understand and store the information.

Brahmacharya – routine or state of continence in studying periods or student’s life.

Brahma-Muhurta – Time period of two hours before sunrise.

C

Carminative – Ayurveda herbs for intestinal gas, pain and distention while it also promotes peristalsis.

Caksu – Eye Chakhyushya – Ayurveda care herbal extracts which are very healthy for the eye, especially the toning of the ciliary muscles.

Chakra – Energy centers in the body relating to the nervous plexus center responsible for governing the bodily functions.

Charaka – meaning the wanderer. In the Charakah Samhita, referred to by Ayurveda’s culture as their bible, the Charaka spent many years with wild animals in the dense jungles in order to achieve all the knowledge referred to in this book.

When all of mankind was still unaware of the great potentiality found in the natural herbal remedies and herbal medicines, Charaka wrote the great text relating to Ayurveda treatments and natural extracts involved.

Churna – Sanskrit word meaning powder.

Consciousness – State of one’s being i.e. characterized by emotions, sensations, awareness and thought.

Cure – One’s relief from any disease and/or disorder. According to Ayurveda health inscription’s, it is stated that no physician since the beginning of the practice itself ever succeeded to cure any disease, not even the simplest of them.

It is also stated that all therapy treatments only expedite the process of nature. The Indian herbal medicine belief is that like everything else in our surrounding world, the disease is created and thus the time of its own destruction must also arrive.

Cikitsa – Treatment, Therapy to retain balance, Science or the practice of medicine.

Citraka – Herb. Latin; Plumbago Zeylanica.

Citraka-mula – Root of the herb ‘Citraka’ (see Citraka). Increases strength in the digestive system.

Citrakadi vati – An Ayurveda medicine consisting of ‘Citraka’ herbs as the main ingredients.

D

Deva – Angels, celestial presences without a physical body.

Danti mula – Root of the herb ‘Danti’. Latin; Baliospermum montanum also used for herbal medicines’ preparation.

Desa – Meaning literally a region, country, area or kingdom.

Dhanvantari – According to Hindu mythology Vishnu, the Gods’ physician, produces the ocean’s churning with a glass of nectar and is also believed to be any being’s inside healer.

Dharana – Sanskrit word meaning; absorbing and maintaining information in memory.

Dharma – Referring to one’s character and true self. Being a human in the whole by the virtue of righteousness.

Other meanings; Attribute, Duty, nature of Disposition, to respect a Code of Conduct.

Dhatu – Basic structural and nutritional body factor supporting and even nourishing all of the seven body tissues such as the Rasa, Mamsa and Asthi.

Dhi – Sanskrit word meaning understanding.

Dhrti – Sanskrit word referring to holding and/or retaining.

Dipaniya – A health herbal extract that empowers the gastric fire/heat in order for better food consumption subsequently appetite augmentation.

Disease – A condition where the wellness of one’s particular spot in the body or the complete body in general is altered resulting in disorders and malfunction of the organs.

According to Ayurveda medicine studies, desire is the main cause resulting in disease for it is the desire feeling that’s sends us off guard from required precautions.

Diuretic – Natural substances that improve bladder and kidney activities while also increase urination rate, always according to Ayurveda herb studies.

Dravya – Meaning substance or properties of the nine eternal substances, being the earth, water, fire, air, ether, time, space and one’s self and mind. Abstract from the Vaisheshika Philosophy playing another great role in Ayurveda treatments.

Dushti Dukha – Sanskrit word meaning unhappiness common phase in everyone’s existence with a multitude of Ayurveda therapy practices to overcome these periods including home remedy in Ayurveda inscriptions.

E

Emetics – Referring to any substance including, but not limited to, natural herbal medicine that incentives that remove any impurity from the body’s upper section.

Etiology – An Ayurveda health study about the causes.

It’s principal aspect according to Ayurveda care herbal instructions through the 6000 year old practice indicate that actually any disease derives from one’s distraction from the uses of his senses and impulses.

G

Ghee – The extracted clarified butter obtainable after heating unsalted butter.

The ghee doesn’t need any refrigeration in order to conserve and most importantly, is the main basic ingredient in most of the Ayurveda medicine and herbal remedies’.

Ghrta – A Sanskrit word referring to and having the same meaning as ‘Ghee’ which you will encounter again in any home remedy in Ayurveda recipes and treatment instructions.

Govinda – One of the most common references for the almighty Hindu God, Lord Krishna.

Guna – Refering to a collection of all the bodily elements that according to Ayurveda health studies, are collected under three main ‘Gunas’ being the Sattva, Rajjas and Tamas. These ‘Gunas’ are responsible for creation once attributes are imbalanced.

Gandharva – Ayurveda treatment documentation uses the word ‘Gandharva’ as a reference to ‘Heavenly singers’ and ‘Celestial musicians’.

Goksuru – Literal meaning; Puncture vine, Latin reference; Tribulus Terrestris.

Guduci – Namely another herb also utilized as a herbal natural remedy ingredient applied by numerous Ayurveda therapy extracts and medicines. Latin name; Tinospora cordifolia.

Guggulu – A gum produced from a health herbal plant, namely the Indian Bedellium with its Latin referring name being ‘Commiphora mukul’. Ayurveda produces this particular gum from natural herbs containing herbal vitamins to be later used for remedies and therapies.

H

Haritaki – Referring to one of the plants commonly used for Ayurveda medicine and many herbal treatments. The name of this particular plant is the Cherubic Myrofalan. And for your further reference, the Latin name for this plant applied in Ayurveda treatments is Terminalia chebula.

Harsani – Meaning literally delightful or pleasant.

Hina Yoga – Referring to the adjectives insufficient, deficient and such related words.

I

Indrya – The meaning being literally the ‘Faculty of Sense’ or in other words, the organ of sense.

Easily and commonly encountered in many of the Ayurveda therapy and treatments inscriptions and more.

Isabgol – A member of the herbal remedies’ wonderful world of Ayurveda medicine, this herb is mostly utilized as a laxative, enhancing the intestines process. Latin referral name; Plantago Ovata.

Iccha – A Sanskrit word, also very commonly found in Ayuverda’s herbal nutrition and herbal natural remedy documentation, referring to the ‘will’, or better, ‘one’s will’.

Isvara – Meaning the ever existing God or Lord, or more explainable by the following phrase; God existed and will exist forever, free, and where the lordship reaches its extremes, God exists even there.

J

Jiva – Referred to by Ayurveda medicine documentations and inscriptions in representation of the meaning; empirical self, individual soul and / or the living being.

Jala – Very widely used word in Ayurveda treatments’ documents referring to water or fluid in general.

Jalauka – Meaning literally a Leech, the word Jalaluka is found included in particular herbal remedies and herbal medicines as part of the process or an ingredient.

Jathara – Found in herbal nutrition texts among many others, referring to the stomach or in other cases the belly or abdomen.

Jatharagni – The Jatharagni according Ayurveda India’s language, means the fire and heat located in the stomach for indigestion purposes. It can also replace the words “digestive fire’ or gastric juices and in some cases even digestive Enzymes.

Jati – One of the most common words used in the history of herbal medicine, meaning simply ’Jasmine’ a plant with different Indian herbal medicine implications.

K

Kala – Meaning time period and / or season.

Kamya – In other words, Desirable, amiable or an act due to a desire.

Kama – One of the three sexual desires according to Ayurveda health inscriptions with the other two members being namely; Dharma and Artha. These three ambitions are the temptations that the saint, or as referred to in Ayurveda medicine studies, the yogi must resist besides greed, fear, wrath and even sleep.

Kanthya – Natural healing herbal extracts and substances that are beneficiary to the throat and the voice in general.

Kapha – One of the three ‘Doshas’ responsible for the maintaining of body cells and tissues.

Karma – Originally referring to ‘rite’ or ‘religious act’ but nowadays is interpreted by Ayurveda treatments as action, work or deeds carried out for one’s past, present and / or future.

Kama – The healthy and spiritual use of the senses.

Karna taila – Sanskrit word used in Ayurveda care herbal documents meaning oiling the ears.

Keshyam – Herbal remedies for strengthening the hair and its roots.

Khumbhaka – Breathing exercise practiced during Ayurveda yoga in which one retains his breath when the mind is relaxed in order to revitalize the nervous system.

Kichadi – A meal prepared mainly from basmati rice and split mungdal with occasional additions of legumes and vegetables.

Kledaka Kapha– One of the five sub-types of ‘Kapha’ which plays a most important role in moistening and liquefying the food consequently to be processed by the stomach.

Kosha – Sheaths; the natural herbal medicine practice states that the human body contains 5 sheaths, that of knowledge and bliss accompanied by that of prana, food and mind.

Krishna – A Hindu God, being the ninth incarnation of ‘Vishnu’. The embodiment of the elimination of all pain and sufferings through love and divine joy.

Kundalini – Spiritual life force, ‘Shakti Kundalini’ is the remaining residue after the material consciousness is dissolved.

Karana – Meaning; Doing, Effecting, Making, Causing.

Karanja – Ayurveda India beech referral.

Karavira – Indian Oleander Karmendriya – Working sense, Action organ.

Kasaya – Stringent taste and / or Flavor.

Kathina – Hard, Firm, Stiff, Harsh, Cruel, Inflexible.

Katu – Pungent taste and / or Flavor. Katuka – Herb.

Kaumarabhrtya– Child care (pediatrics) catered for by Ayurveda health remedies and precautions.

Kaya – Habitation, Body.

Kay-Cikitsa – Medicine for internal use and/or treatment of body diseases.

Kedari Kulya – Irrigation Canal Analogy; part of Ayurveda’s theory of the tissue formation.

Khale Kapota – Grain Pigeon Analogy; part of Ayurveda’s theory of tissue formation.

Kledhaka – Wet or Moist, can also refer to phlegm in the stomach.

Kriya – Action and / or practice. i.e. remedy application.

Kriyakala – Action’s duration period.

Ksira Dhadi – An Ayurveda’s theory of tissue formation member.

Kubera – God of riches and treasures. Kuti – Cottage and / or Hut.

Kutipravesika – Entering or staying at a cottage for rejuvenation purposes.

L

Laghu – Meaning literally minute, light or small.

Lassi – A drink made from mixing water to yoghurt and churning.

Lavana – A flavor with that salty taste involved.

Lavana-Bhaskara – A natural herbal remedy powder used amongst Ayurveda medicine as a digestion enhancer.

Lakshmi – The Goddess of fortune and beauty according to the ancient Hindu beliefs. Lord Vishnu’s consort, an embodied collection of the Lord’s energy and mother to the entire universe. The cosmic power of physical abundance, fortune and wealth.

Lekhaniya – Natural herbal medicine substance that are beneficiary to remove fat from the body, doing so by scraping off the non essential adipose tissue. The same healing herbal extracts used here are also effective for cellulite removal.

Lord Shiva – The Lord, sitting at the top most position of the Godly trinity embraced by the Hindu beliefs and followed by the Ayurveda health practice. Literally, the word ‘Shiva’ itself in the native language used by Ayurveda India’s descendant, means auspicious or good. The Lord Shiva has eight main qualities which are purity, knowledge, independence, omniscience, omnipotence, freedom from mala, benevolence and last but not least, bliss.

M

Ma – Lakshmi Goddess of wealth. According to Ayurveda ‘Ma’ is delivers one’s feelings, memory, the use of the heart and way of life.

Madhyama – Sanskrit word meaning ‘body’s trunk’. In Ayurveda health terminology it refers to the heart’s sound felt by the ears but not heard.

Majja – The literal meaning being the bone marrow. One of the seven Dhatus, soft with the main function being that of filling up the Asthi and nourishing the Shukra.

Malas – Meaning the waste products that are excreted out of the body, primarily including urine, feces and sweat.
Madhura – Literally; sweet.

Mantram – Sacred words or phrases that have a spiritual significance and power commonly encountered Ayurveda treatments documentations.

Marmas – The nerve crossings where nerves come to the fascia and relate to the vital human body organs. ‘Marmas’ are the 365 vital energy points in the body of which 108 are of great importance to Ayurveda care herbal studies. They are also referred to as door receptors.

Maya – Literally meaning illusion whereas in spiritual terms it refers to god’s creative energy and/or cosmic illusion. Illusion, as referred to here, is not an unreal but in terms of the divine acts, sport or ‘Lila’ played by the cosmic deities.

Meda – The fat tissue supported by ‘Mamsa Dhatu’, with its main function being that to support and lubricate the human body. ‘Meda’s’ excessive presence in the body can result in obesity and weakness.

Moksha – Meaning liberation, freedom in every aspect and every way of life.

Madakari – Referring to ‘that’ which causes intoxication.

Madanaphala – Literal description; Emetic nut, Latin name: Randia spinosa.

Madhura – A taste of sweet flavor, pleasant, charming and delightful.

Madya – Referring to any intoxicating drink or substance.

Mahabhuta – Big elements, gross elements, being great.

Mahad tattva – Intellect, great principle.

Mahendra – The great Indra, the king of demigods.

Majja-vaha srotas – Channels transporting bone marrow.

Malinikarana – Making impure acts, staining.

Mamsa-vaha srotas – Channels transporting muscles.

Manas – The Mind.

Manda – Adjective; Slow.

Mandagni – Used by Ayurveda herb documentation referring to a weakened state of digestive fire.

Medha – Mental power, intelligence, wisdom, and prudence.

Medo-vaha srotas – Channels transporting fatty tissue.

Medya – Wisdom enhancement, mental power and intelligence.

Mithya-yoga – Wrong use, wrong employment.

Matsaya – Fish

Moong ki daal – A variety of green dry beans used for cooking or making sprouts.

Mrudu – A reference commonly used by herbal medicine natural remedies inscriptions relating to Soft, delicate and tender.

Mudra – A sign, position or image commonly practiced in Ayurveda yoga or religious worship.

Mutra – Ayurveda India’s native language word for ‘Urine’.

Mutra-vaha srotas – The channels transporting the urine.

O

Ojas – Referring to the meaning Vigor, strength and vitality. Acting a most important role as essence to all the bodily tissues or ‘Dhatus’, the Ojas, proved by both Ayurveda medicine studies and other scientific research centers to be a protoplasmic substance. The Ojas also contains the albumin and globulin formed during the biosynthesis of the body’s tissue.

History of herbal medicine through the ages has thought us that this protoplasmic substance found in the human body is the pure essence of the ‘Dhatus’ (tissue) as the Ghee is the pure essence of milk. This assimilation used in Ayurveda care herbal remedies’ documentation, is used to simplify the explanation of the ‘Ojas’;

The ‘Ghee’ is an essence extracted by churning the milk together with water, in which process ‘agni’ and electricity are generated, ionizing and separating butter molecules from the milk. This process, although not exactly identical, is reproduced in the body forming and resulting in the production of ‘Ojas’ according to herbal medicines’ inscriptions.

To be more precise on the body’s process, the residue from digested food together with body heat (agni) produce the nutritional precursor known in health herbal reports as ‘Ahar Rasa’, where soon afterwards the immature ‘Rasa’ reaches the mature counter part. During this bodily processing, for which many various herbal remedies and Ayurveda herb prescriptions for facilitating and enhancing this process are available, the ‘Ojas’ are created together with ‘Dhatu’s’ waste particles.

P

Pachaka – Commonly found in many Ayurveda medicine documentations and inscriptions referring to bile and pancreatic juices located between the stomach and duodenum.

One of the ‘Pitta’ subtypes. Symptoms that occur once one is experiencing a ‘Pachaka’ disorder include a burning sensation, increase in appetite and thirst, jaundice and also insomnia, all able to be relieved with herbal remedies or also prevented.

Pachaniya – The natural substances referred to by Ayurveda as a health herbal essence for proper digestion.

Pakya – A Sanskrit word meaning boiling, decoction and fermentation.

Panchakarma – The five cleansing therapies, namely; vaman (vomiting), virechan (purgation), basti (decoction enema), nasya (oily enema) and rakta mshka (nasal medications).

Pitta – One of the three doshas, agencies responsible for the physiochemical process of the body.

Prakruti – Unconscious, inherent relationship between oneself and matter; one’s life consumption.

Prana – The first of 5 Vayu sub Doshas responsible for respiratory functions.

Pranayama – A breathing exercise for purifying the blood and vitalizing the inner organs. An exercise practiced during Ayurveda yoga.

Pratyahara – The fifth stage in yoga meditation meaning the clearing of the mind from any of the senses. Prayatna – Sanskrit word meaning effort.

Puraka – The in-breathing process.

Purgative – Herbal medicine natural remedies that stimulate the bowel.

Panir – Fresh cheese made from curdling milk.

Para-Ojas – Superior vital fluid found in and around the heart.

Pariksa – Examination, Inspection, Investigation.

Pasava – Animal, belonging to a cattle, herd, etc…

Pascata Karma – Therapies carried out after the main intervention.

Paya – Any drink mixed with boiled rice.

Pichila – Meaning slimy, lubricous, slippery and/or smeary.

Pippali – Long pepper.

Pitta – One of the three main energies (biological) in the human body pin pointed by Ayurveda health statements.
Prabhava – The prominent, peculiar or particular healing herbal effect.

Prajna – Wisdom, Knowledge, Intelligence.

Prajnaparadha – Lack in using intellect and/or wisdom.

Prakopa – Aggravation, Vitiation.

Prapti – Obtaining, attaining.

R

Rajas – Literal meaning; the law of nature that maintains the balance of life and life itself. One of the three ‘Gunas’ referred to by Ayurveda medicine practice characterized by action and energy together with passion and stimulation.

Rakshasa – Synonym for demons or also applied to define one whose mind is unable to see good from bad leading to conflicts and anger. Most commonly encountered in Ayurveda treatments’ texts. Literal meaning; the blood.

Ram – Hero warrior of the Holy Hindu epic, the Ramayana. Also regarded as the embodiment of righteousness, he is also the seventh incarnation of ‘Vishnu’.

Ranjaka – One of the five ‘Pitta’ sub ‘Doshas’ located in the stomach, liver and spleen.

Rasa – The first of the seven ‘Dhatis’ according to Ayurveda herb practices, with its main function being that of feeding all the bodily cells.

Rasayana – Literal meaning; rejuvenation, commonly used with Ayurveda massage and / or herbal treatments phrases.

Rechaka – The out-breathing, also exercised during Ayurveda yoga. Rasa-vaha Srotas – Plasma or Lymph circulating channels.

Rasi – Quantity, Heap, Pile, Mass.

Ratricarya – Routine to be or followed during the evening and / or night. Commonly used accompanying a health herbal essence consumption prescription.

Ritucarya – Routine to be or followed during different seasons. Found applied in sentences as explained above (Ratricarya).

Ruksa – Dry, Not Greasy, Arid, Emaciated, Thin.

Rupa – Signs, marks or scars caused by disease or disorders in the skin or any bodily organ in particular. (Look under Ayurveda Skin Care for more information on this topic).

S

Sarasvati – Goddess of learning and speech, spouse of Brahma according to Hindu Beliefs adorned by Ayurveda India’s descendant.

Sat-Chid-Ananda – Existence, Pure conscience, Brahman, Spirit, Reality, Delight.

Sattva – Purity. Also one of the three ‘Gunas’ responsible for the purest aspect and producing pleasure.

Sattvic – Referring to pure qualities in herbal remedies’ texts.

Shakha – Sanskrit word for extremity.

Shirah – Sanskrit word meaning ‘head’.

Shleshaka – Fifth sub type of ‘Kapha’. An oil liquid located in the body joints, protecting and maintaining them.

Shodan – Referring to the biological cleansing methods believed by Ayurveda health practices.

Shukra – The last of the seven ‘Dhatus’ responsible for men’s ejaculation feeling being the reproductive tissue canal for semen.

Skandhas – A Sanskrit word meaning a heap, pile or aggregate. Smrti – Sanskrit word referring to ‘the memory’.

Srotas – Literal translation of word Srotas; Source. A nutrition path through the body, according to the history of herbal medicine.

Sukha – Sanskrit word meaning happiness.

Surya – The Sun.

Sushumna Nadi – Subtle energy field responsible for the characteristics and movements of one’s body.

Sabda – Tone, Sound, Voice.

Sada – Six in Indian herbal medicine’s native language.

Sadavidha – Six types.

Sadhaka – One of the body’s ‘Pittas’ also referring to Effective, Accomplish or Energizing.

Sakuna – Having the nature of a bird, a bird catcher.

Salakya Tantra – Extraction science, Surgery.

Samanyaja – A disease or disorder result.

Samhita – Texts, methodically sorted number of verse and phrases.

Samprapti – The complete route of the disease’s manifestation.

Samsarjana – Diets and / or activities practiced after any herbal treatments to stabilize the body functions.

Samyaka – Accurate, Correct, Proper.

Samyoga – Combination, Conjunction, Connection.

Sancaya – Gathering, Accumulation, Collection.

Sandra – Dense, Thick, Solid. Sankhapuspi – Herb used as tonic for nervous system.

Sanskrit – Purified and / or Sanctified. Language used in the Vedic era.

Sapta – Seven.

Sapta-Dhatu – Seven constitutional elements or tissues of the body.

Sara – Liquid or Fluid, also Moving and/or Wandering.

Sarira – Physical Body.

Sarpa – Snake.

Sarpagandha – A healing herbal extract for lowering blood pressure.

Sarvangasana – An Ayurveda yoga position.

Sastriya – Sacred percepts.

Savasana – Yoga position.

Silajita – Black Bitumen, a black colored liquid found on particular mountains.

Sira – Referring to any tube-like pathway in the body. E.g. Veins. Sometimes also used to refer to head or skull.

Sirodhara – The process of pouring any liquid from a specific pot on one’s forehead. Commonly practiced in natural herbal remedy treatments.

Sirsasana – Head stand position in yoga practice.

Sita – Cold, Chilly, Frigid.

Slakshana – Smooth, Polished, Gentle, Soft, Tender.

Slesaka – Attached, Connected.

Snehana – Lubricating, Applying oil, Anointing, Unction.

Snigdha – Sticky, Viscid, Unctous, Adhesive.

Sodhana – Cleaning, Refining, Purifying.

Sparsa – The sense of touch i.e. touching.

Sringa – Horn Srvanam – Hearing, Transportation, Carrying.

Sthana Samsraya – Location or Place.

Sthira – Firm, Hard, Solid, Strong, Fixed.

Sthula – Big, Gross, Massive, Stout, Large, Thick

T

Takra – Buttermilk, a drink made from mixing water with milk and churning.

Tamaka Svasa – An asthma type that is catered for by various herbal remedies.

Tiksagni – Strong or increased digestive heath.

Tiksna – Sharp, Hot, Fiery, Pungent, according to Indian herbal medicine native language.

Tikta – A taste of bitter flavor.

Tri – Meaning ‘Three’.

Tridosha – The three ‘Doshas’.

Tridoshic – Adjective to ‘Tridosha’.

Triguna – Nature’s three qualities as referred to by Ayurveda health practices.

Triphala – An Ayurveda herb recipe made from a selection of fruit mixed with three different herbs.

Trivrita – A health herbal remedy for purgation.

Tulasi – Holy Basil.

Tamas – Refers to darkness, inertia and the materialistic attitude in herbal products’ texts.

Tanmatra – The subtle essence of the body’s five senses.

Tantra – A non Vedic yoga practice leading to divine ecstasy through erotic and sexual rites and practices. Known also as Kundalini Yoga, the belief and practice of the Tantra are all based on the theory of the Divine female power.

Tarpaka – One of the ‘Kapha’ sub types on which the Ayurveda care herbal remedies bases part of its cures, based in one’s head, is responsible for the nourishing of the sensory organs enhancing the senses’ use.

Tejas – An essence of ‘Pitta’, this one of the five elements representing fire with the charachteristics of light, brilliance and illumination.

Tri-Dosha – The combination of three morbid substances found in the human body being; Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Trikatu – Referring to the three pungents found amongst the Ayurveda herb list, namely; the Shunti (dry ginger), Pippali (Indian Long Pepper) and Maricha (Black Pepper).

Trishna – Meaning thirst.

U

Udaka-vaha Srotas – Water circulation channels in the human body.

Upa Dhatu – A secondary bone tissue supporting the main tissue.

Upasaya – Advantageous medicine, Diagnosis during Ayurveda treatments through food and/or medicine.

Upastambha – Supporting pillars, found mostly in texts about the history of herbal medicine.

Upyoga-Samstha – The application or usage instructions, manual or prescription for any therapy or practice e.g. instructions for an Ayurveda massage.

Upyokta – User, anyone that uses or is using.

Usna – Meaning and referring to Hot, Warm, Passionate and / or sharp.

Uttanapadasana – A yoga pose.

Udana – One of the five subtypes of Vata, according to Ayurveda India’s healing herbal practices. The Udana is found in the umbilical area of the body together with chest and also neck. The Udana’s major function is to regulate many vocal aspects but also govern enthusiasm.

Uttama Anga – A combination of two words, ‘Uttama’ meaning noble and / or great mixed with ‘Anga’ meaning a part of the body bringing us to the complete description of the word/s Uttama Anga; ‘Noble or Great part of the body and/or one’s body).

V

Vaisheshika – Meaning excellence or distinction in Ayurveda medicine’s native language but also the name of one of the six orthodox schools teaching Indian philosophy founded by Kanada.

Vamana – Therapeutic vomiting.

Vamanapoga – Natural herbal medicine that induces vomit stimulation.

Vamathu – Literal meaning; vomit.

Varnya – Substances that according to Ayurveda skin care’s texts are useful for the body’s complexion including but not limited to skin, hair and eyes.

Vata – The force that keeps all the seven Dhatus together with ‘Pitta’ and ‘Kapha’ together with ‘Malas’ in motion.

Vedas – A Sanskrit word meaning knowledge. The oldest source of universal knowledge which originated through history of herbal medicine by rishis and holy saints. The four existing Vedas have all the answers regarding life and existence.

Vikriti – Modification, Imbalance, Disease.

Virechan – Medicated purgation.

Virecanopaga – Purgative healing herbal that assists to the elimination of the Doshas from the vital organs.

Vishnu – The Lord supreme Vishnu, with his divine qualities including knowledge, virility, splendor, preservation, strength, power and lordship.

Vitamin – Medicines and extracts with multi beneficiary substances for the human body.

Vyana – One of 5 sub types of ‘Vata’, regulates blood circulation.

Vagabhatta – A famous personality in Ayurveda health history. Vaidya – Ayurveda’s doctor.

Vajikarana – Science of aphrodisiacs.

Vamana – Act of vomiting. Vanaspatya – Tree, Shrub, Plant. Varuna – The God of all waters.

Vibhitaka – Belliric Myrobalan.

Vidahi – Heat, Burning, Inflammation, Acid. Virya – Potency, Vigor, Semen.

Visada – Clear, Pure, Spotless, Shining.

Visesa – Opposite / Different.

Vismagni – Irregular or unstable digestive heat.

Visravana – To let flow or spread.

Vyakta – Visible and / or specific.