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Ayurvedic Herbal Encyclopedia


Angelica Genuflexa
Angelica Genuflexa

Botanical: Angelica Archangelica (LINN.)

Family: N.O. Umbelliferae

Parts Used: leaves, seeds, root.

Habitat: with the assumption of expert’s botanists the species of

Angelica: is supposed to be an inhabitant of Syria from whence it has increased to different cool European climates.

Uses: Angelica is mainly used in the grocery business, as well as for Ayurvedic medicine, and is an accepted flavoring for liqueurs and confectionery.


Anise Pimpinellaanisum


Botanical: Pimpinella anisum.

Family: N.O. Umbelliferae.

Part Used: fruits or Seeds.

Habitat: Anise is a native of Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, and Crete and was refined by the earliest Egyptians.

Medicinal Action and Uses: pectoral and Carminative. Anise is well known for the medicine of pectoral and coughs cares.




Scientific name: Pyrus spp.

Habitat: The best climate for the growth of Apple is North America climate which is suits for the growth of it. A cool environment is really essential for Apple. Medical uses: According to experts botanists Apple can reduce the higher risk of prostate cancer, colon cancer, and lung cancer.


Astragalus glycyphyllos


Scientific name: Astragalus membranaceous.

Family: Fabaceae and subfamily are Faboideae.

Medical Uses: Astragalus Membranaceus is a tonic which is mainly used in Chinese Medicine. It is supposed to be a galactagogue, and recent research shows that it can be build up the human immune system.

Common uses: Astragalus is also used in Chinese herb for deficiency of vital energy, diarrhea and night sweats.


Apocynum cannabinum


Scientific name: Apocynum cannabinum L.

Common name: Dogbane.

Family: Apocynaceae – Dogbane family.

Common Names: Rheumatism-weed, Canadian hemp, milkweed, Amy-root, Bitterroot, Choctaw-root, Indian-physic, bowman’s root, American hemp, wild cotton.

Habitat and range: The Apocynum or Black Indian hemp is the inhabitant of this same country and maybe occurs in the grove and along the borders of ancient fields throughout the United States.

Uses: Apocynum or Hemp dogbane is also known for it’s utilized as cordage.




Botanical: Arnica Montana.

Family: N.O. Compositae.

Parts Used: Flowers and root.

Habitat: Arnica montana or Leopard’s Bane is a permanent medicine, native to Central Europe, mountain fields and in woods. It has been also found in Southern Scotland and England.

Medical uses: Arnica used to be included in the family of Senecioneae because it has a pappus of right bristles.


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Botanical: Agrimonia Eupatoria. Family: N.O. Rosaceae.

Part Used: The herb.

Habitat: The plant of Agrimony is mainly found richly throughout England, on all waste places and in dry brush and on hedge-banks and the sides of fields. In Scotland Agrimony is much more limited and does not go through far northward.

Medicinal Action and Uses: Astringent or effective tonic, diuretic. Agrimony has had a big status for curing liver complaints and jaundice.

Betony, Wood

wood betony
wood betony

Botanical: Stachys Betonica (BENTH.), Betonica Officinalis. Family: Labiatae Parts Used Herb.

Habitat Betony is an attractive and attractive woodland plant, met with commonly throughout England, but it is not common or frequent in Scotland.

Though basically growing in copses and woods, it is infrequently to be found in more clear circumstances, and between the twisted growths on moors and heaths.

Medical Uses
The Betony is more useful in palpitations pain in the head, hysteria, and neuralgia, face and all uneasy affections.


Broom Cytisus scoparius


Botanical: Cytisus scoparius.

Family: Leguminosae.

Parts Used: Tops.

Habitat: The densely-growing Broom, a plant habitat mainly to England and also common in this same country, grows natural all over moderate northern Asia and Europe, being found in plenty on sandy heaths and fields. Broom is carefully grown wild in the sandy soil of North America.

Medicinal Uses: cathartic and Diuretic. Broom tops are basically used in the type of decoction and infusion.




Botanical: Vaccinium Myrtillus.

Family: Vacciniaceae.

Part Used: The grown fruit and the leaves.

Habitat: Siberia and Barbary, Europe, including Britain.

Medical uses: The fruits of Bilberry are severe, and are mainly valuable in dysentery and diarrhea, in the form of syrup only. The Bilberry is also useful to improve night vision. The leaves of Bilberry have historically been used to make proper treatment of gastrointestinal ailments.


Birch Betula species
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Latin name: Betula species.

Other names: White Birch, Silver Birch.

Scintific names: Betula verrucosa Erh. or B. pubescens Erh.

Medical uses: The Birch is basically used for the proper treatment of Kidney and bladder stones and Urinary tract infections.

The leaves of Birch plant are also used, mixed with any other medications, to the proper treatment of rheumatism, but their usefulness or effectiveness for this special purpose remains unconfirmed. The Birch tar is used to skin diseases treatment.




Botanical: Sanguinaria Canadensis
Family: Papaveraceae

Part Used
The whole plant and the root of the tree. Habitat: Canada and United States of America, occurs in loaded open woods from Canada, west to Arkansas and south to Florida and Nebraska.

Medicinal Uses
Emmenagogue and Emetic therapeutic expectorant, and high value in atonic asthma, dyspepsia, croup, and bronchitis. It is also effective in nervousness irritation, helpful in reducing the high pulse rate, and also useful in heart disease, weakness, and tremor of heart. Basil:

Ocymum minimum Family: Labiatae Part Used: Leafy tops. The most important parts of Basil which are used medically that the whole medicine, both dried and fresh. Medicinal Uses: carminative and Aromatic. Though commonly used in cooking as a flavoring.

Basil has been some times used for simple nervous disorders and for the improvement of wandering stiffs or rheumatic pains. The dried leaves of the plant are said to be a treat for nervousness headaches.


northern bayberry
Northern Bayberry


Botanical: Myrica cerifera.

Family: Myricaceae.

Part Used
The dried bark of the root.

Eastern North America.

Medicinal Uses
Stimulant and astringent. It is mainly useful in jaundice, scrofula, diarrhea, etc. Externally, the powdered bark of the plant is used as refreshment to apathetic ulcers, however, in poultices, it should be mixed up with elm.

The decoction is good as an injection in chronic swelling of the throat and gargle, uterine hemorrhages, leucorrhoea, etc. Bayberry is an outstanding wash for the gums.

Bay Laurel

Bay Laurel

Scientific name: Laurus nobilis.

It is also known as Grecian Laurel, Sweet Bay, Laurel, True Laurel, or Bay Tree.

Family name: Lauraceae.

Common Uses
Bay Laurel is the basis of the bay leaves which are commonly used for flavor in cooking. Religious assumption: The bay laurel is used as religious utilization that if the leaves of Bay laurel will burn that it will produce ultimate power and supernatural visions. And the wishes of people can come true when they write their wish in leaves of the tree.


Caraway Carum
Caraway Carum

Botanical: Carum Carvi

Family: Umbelliferae.

Parts Used: Fruit.

Habitat: The plant is mainly found in the central and northern parts of Asia and Europe; although where it mainly occurs in these countries Caraway is simply considered a species of naturalized, having actually escaped from nurturing or cultivation.

Medical uses: The both Caraway plant oil and fruit possess fragrant, stimulant and carminative properties. Caraway was widely recommended in symptoms of attending hysteria and dyspepsia and other disorders, menstrual pain, diverticulitis, flatulence, stomach cramping, and labor pains.


Cascara Sagrada
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Cascara Sagrada

Scientific name: Rhamnus purshiana

Family: Rhamnaceae.

Parts used: The medicinal property of Cascara Sagrada is used as a dried bark. Fresh bark be inclined to cause griping and nausea.

Medical Used: The Cascara Sagrada is mainly used for the treatment of liver, intestinal gas, and gall bladder disease and bloated liver also.




Botanical: Nepeta cataria.

Family: Labiatae.

Part Used: Leaves, herb are basically used.


Catmint or Catnip, English wild plant belonging to the family Labiatae, where the Deadnettles and Mints are also members of the same plant, is commonly found in the southern and the central counties of England, in borders of fields, hedgerows, on waste ground, and dry banks and, especially in fine and gravelly mud.

Medicinal Action and Uses: Diaphoretic, Carminative, refrigerant, tonic, and slightly emmenagogue, especially mildly stimulating and antispasmodic.




Scientific name: Nepeta cataria.

Medical uses: In the ancient times it was mainly used for the right treatment of colds, nervousness, influenza, and any kind of fevers during the Average age and alleged to prevent with the more painful bladder condition diarrhea, flatulence, colic, interstitial cystitis, and any type of childhood diseases, also preventing morning sickness, premature births, and miscarriages.

Habitat: Three feet high plant which is found in North America and mainly grows in moist soil.


Cat's Claw

Cat’s Claw

Scientific name: Uncaria tomentosa.

Part Used: Central bark and root of the plant.

Common Use: This is basically used for the variety of treatments of conditions, generally gastrointestinal. Immuno-stimulant properties of Cat’s Claw help the body fights off with any type of infections and protect the body against the degenerative diseases. Habitat: It is mainly found in jungle areas of Asia South and America.




Botanical: Capsicum minimum.

Family: Solanaceae.

Part Used: Fruit, dried and ripe.

Habitat: Zanzibar but now developed in most hot or tropical and sub-tropical countries.

Medicinal Uses: A powerful local refreshment tonic, with no any kind of narcotic effect and widely used in very hot climates as a condiment, and most helpful in the prevention of the stomach and intestines.




Scientific name: Cedrus spp.

Family: Pinaceae.

Religious fact: The religious fact about the Cedar that symbol of power and durability. It is also believed about the Cedar is used in the special occasion in which attract the money.

Habitat: It is a common type of herb which can be found all over the world and grow in any typical climate.




Botanical: Anthemis nobilis.

Family: Compositae.

Part Used: Flowers and herb.

The whole plant is valuable for medical use and the main quality is centered in the flower-heads which is known as capitula’s, the herb is used to make the herb beers.

Medicinal Uses: Achic, Tonic, antispasmodic and anodyne is used medically.




Botanical: Stellaria media.

Family: Caryophyllaceae

Part Used: Herb Habitat: It is an inhabitant of all temperate or climate and the northern Arctic regions.

Medicinal Used: Demulcent, refrigerant.




Botanical: Cinnamomum zeylanicum.

Family: Lauraceae.

Parts Used: Bark.

Habitat: Ceylon, but grows abundantly in Malabar, Eastern Islands, and Cochin-China, Sumatra.

Medicinal Uses: stimulant, carminative, antiseptic astringent; more effective as a local than as a common stimulant; and powder can usually be mixed with other medicines.


Damiana leaf
Damiana leaf

Scientific name: Turnera aphrodisiaca

Family: Turneraceae

Parts Used: Leaves.

Habitat: Texas, South America, West Indies, and Mexico. Medicinal Uses: Tonic, diuretic, mild purgative, stimulant, acting openly on the reproductive organs, aphrodisiac, hypochondrias tic.

In herbal medicine, Damiana is used to properly treat the conditions ranging from coughs to constipation, to depression. The herbal supplement of it helps to gain Energy, Hot Flashes, low Frigidity, Estrogen, Emphysema, Impotency, Menopause, and Infertility.



Botanical: Taraxacum officinale.

Family: Compositae.

Part Used: Root and leaves. The dried root and the fresh tops are basically used for the medical purpose. Whole parts of the plant include a somewhat milky juice, sour, but the liquid of the root plant is a more powerful part of the plant which is mostly used for medicinal purposes.

Medicinal Used: Slightly aperients, diuretic, and tonic. It is a common stimulant system, but particularly to the urinary organs, and is mainly used in liver and kidney disorders.

Dill Peucedanum graveolens


Botanical: Peucedanum Graveolens.

Family: Compositae.

Part Used: Dried ready fruit. Common uses: It is a sweet herb which is basically used as soups and sauces etc. for this fresh and young leaves are required only.

Medicinal UseD: Dill oil and fruit of Dill possess aromatic, stimulant, stomachic properties, carminative such as any other volatile oils and umbelliferous fruits. To prepare a stomach-soothing tea, use two full teaspoons of smashed seeds per cup of boiling water.


Don Quai
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Don Quai

Botanical Name: Angelica sinensis.

Common name: dang gui, tang-kuei, dong quai.

Habitat: Dong Quai is a fragrant or sweet-smelling herb which is generally growing in Korea, Japan, and China.

Part Used: Herbal preparations, whole root. Found in tea, capsules, recipes, and extract.

Common Use: The root has of the plant got the reputation as the ultimate herb, especially for women. It is basically used to maintain the balance to a woman’s cycles and hormones and is more helpful in renovating regularity of menstrual and for circumstances of the reproductive system.

Side Effects: Dong Quai, mainly at heavy doses, may rise up an individual’s compassion to sunlight and then cause skin rashes and inflammation. It is also useful in the reduction of dilation of blood vessels, pain, and stimulation with the relaxation of uterine muscles.


dragon blood

Dragon’s Blood

Botanical: Daemomorops draco.

Family: Palmaceae.

Part Used: The fruits resinous exudation.

Habitat: Sumatra. Medicinal Uses: 10 to 30 grains doses were previously given as severe in diarrhea, etc., but formally it is never at currently used within, being regarded as still. The resin of Dragon’s Blood is mainly used externally as a stop bleeding and washes to promote healing.

Common Uses: It is also commonly used as a coloring substance for polish tooth-pastes, plasters, tinctures, uses for dyeing horn to reproduce tortoiseshell, etc. Dragon blood is very fragile, and resinous fracture, breaks with rough, is red bright and silky inside, and red darker sometimes crimson powdered, externally.

Some small and slight pieces of particles which are transparent. Religious importance:

It is believed that Dragon blood herb is also the religious importance of used in love packets and enrages to take back love and raise the effectiveness and strength of other herbs.


Echinacea Prairie Splendor
Echinacea Prairie Splendor

Botanical Name: Echinacea angustifolia/Echinacea pallida/Echinacea purpurea.

Common Names: Purple coneflower.

Part Used: Dried and Root are used for herb; also juice and liquid extract. Echinacea is also used in a perfect combination of vitamin C and goldenseal.

Common Use: Echinacea products are basically used as the general tonic to the resistant or immense system, balancing cellular immunity and supporting and purification of the blood, for the best treatment and prevention of infections. There are no hardly side effects with the use of Echinacea.

General: Several animal studies and laboratory recommend that Echinacea contains active matters that increase the activity of the protected system, reduce inflammation, relieve pain, and antiviral, have hormonal, and also antioxidant effects.

Elder Flower
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Botanical: Sambucus nigra.

Family: Caprifoliaceae.

Part Used: Leaves, Bark, berries, and flowers.

Medicinal Used: The bark of Elder is a powerful purgative which may be combined with different advantage, a mixture of one OZ. in pint doses of water being taken in wineglassful; in huge doses Elder is an emetic.

Its also use as a purgative date back to Hippocrates. The Elder has been much utilizing as a diuretic, an aqueous solution having been found very effective and useful in renal dropsies and cardiac. Elder has also been successfully utilized in epilepsy.

Common Uses: its leaves are commonly used in the best preparation of balm, Green Elder Ointment, Unguentum Sambuci Viride, which is a domestic medicine for marks, chilblains, sprains, for used to wounds and for use as an emollient.

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Botanical: Inula Helenium.

Common names: wild sunflower scabwort, and horse heal.

Family: Compositae.

Parts Used: Root. The herb, Elecampane consists of both rootstock or rhizome and roots. It is familiar in most pharmacopeias.

Habitat: Elecampane is one of the main herbaceous plants, which is basically found in England, occurring locally only, in the shady ground and moist soil pastures?

Medicinal Used: Diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, antiseptic, alterative, astringent, tonic, and smoothly stimulant.

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Botanical: Eucalyptus globules.

Family: Myrtaceae.

Part Used: The leaves oil.

Habitat: South and North Africa, Australia., Southern Europe and India.

Medicinal Used: antiseptic, aromatic, Stimulant. Eucalyptus Oil is mostly used and powerful antiseptic of its type of class. Eucalyptus Oil is mainly used as an antiseptic gargle and refreshment tonic.

Eucalyptus Regnans
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Eucalyptus Regnans

Botanical name: Eucalyptus regnans

Family: Myrtaceae.

Common names: Victorian Ash, Mountain Ash, Stringy Gum or Tasmanian Oak.

Locations: It mainly occurs in deep-soiled, cool, mostly found in mountainous areas to 1000 m altitude with heavy rainfall of over 1300 mm per year.

Common use: Eucalyptus regnans is also valued for its timber. And it has been harvested in really very high quantities.

Evening Primrose
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Evening Primrose

Botanical: Oenothera Biennis.

Family: Onagraceae.

Parts Used

leaves and Bark.

Habitat: however initially an inhabitant of North America, but was introduced initially into Italy and then all over Europe, being often grown wild in Western Europe.

Medicinal Used: Sedative and Astringent. The herb extracted from the plant of evening promise, though it has been tested in various directions so that why it is not in very common use, and has been utilizing with the achievement of the proper treatment of gastrointestinal disorders of a useful source, whooping cough, and asthma.

Euphrasia officinalis
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Botanical: Euphrasia Officinalis.

Family: Scrophulariaceae.

Parts Used: Herb. The Eyebright is British species of a type containing at least 20 species distributed over Northern and Western Asia, North America and Europe. Medicinal

Uses: Astringent and slightly tonic. Experts recommend Eyebright use in the sight diseases, eyes weakness, ophthalmic, etc., it is best for the eyes diseases.

Another use: The dried herb of eyesight is a factor in British Herbal Tobacco, which is basically smoked most helpfully for constant bronchial colds.

False Unicorn

False Unicorn
False Unicorn

Botanical Name: Chamaelirium luteum..

Family Name: Liliaceae.

Parts Used: Root. Medicinal

Used: Diuretic, Emetic, vermifuge, tonic. In heavy doses a cardiac poison. It is more useful in disorders of the female reproductive organs. The sign for its main use is a dragging feeling in the high lower abdomen. False Unicorn is also useful in weakness, use for the liver and kidney diseases use as a tonic in genito-urinary irritability or weakness.

Habitat: The False Unicorn is mostly found in low moist soil in the east of the flowering and Mississippi.

Foeniculum vulgare
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Botanical Name: Foeniculum vulgare.

Family Name: Umbelliferae.

Part Used: roots, seeds, leaves.

Habitat: Fennel, umbelliferous herb, hardy, perennial, with yellow colors flowers and soft leaves, grows most parts in the wild of Europe temperate.

Fennel has followed evolution, especially where Italians have settled, and maybe occurs growing wild in most parts of the world upon dried out soils near of the sea coast and upon banks of the river. Medicinal Action and

Uses: On explanation of Fennel carminative and aromatic properties, the fruit of Fennel is mainly used medical purpose with purgatives to calm to their griping tendency and for this purpose types Liquorice Powder is one of the ingredients of the Fennel which is well-known compound.

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Botanical Name: Foenum-Graecum. Indian: Methi, Methe, Mayti.

Family Name: Leguminosae. Parts Used: Seeds.

Habitat: Native to the countries on the eastern sides of the Mediterranean. Basically found in Egypt, India, Morocco, Africa, and infrequently in England.

Medicinal Uses: In Cairo Fenugreek is used in the name of Helba. It is useful in different disease in preventing of fevers; has been used for diabetes and is comforting to the stomach disease.

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Botanical Name: Chrysanthemum Parthenium.

Family Name: Compositae.

Parts Used: Herb. Medicinal Action

Used: Carminative, Aperients and bitter. As a refreshment tonic, Feverfew is most useful for an emmenagogue.

It is also used in nervousness, hysterical complaints and lowness of spirits, and used as a general tonic. Important fact:

it is used as a folk medicine for European country as a remedy for arthritis, fevers, and headaches.

Linum usitatissimum
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Botanical Name: Linum usitatissimum.

Family Name: Linaceae.

Parts Used: Seed.

Medical Used: Demulcent, pectoral, Emollient. The crushed seeds or linseed meal of Flax can make a very effective poultice, either only or through the mustard. In superficial and ulceration or deep-seated swelling linseed, poultice dispels irritation and promotes suppuration and pain.

Habitat: The best climate for Flax for the proper growth in North America and which is annually growing to three feet long and is flexible to different conditions and soils.

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Botanical Name: Boswellia Thurifera and Boswellia Carterii.

Family Name: Burseraceae.

Part Used: The gum resin.

Habitat: Somaliland, Arabia. Medicinal Uses: It is used as a refreshment tonic, but rarely used now inside, although formerly was in the large name.

Avicenna recommends in ancient times Frankincense for ulcers, tumors, dysentery, vomiting, and fevers. And in China, it is also used for the treatment of leprosy. Frankincense is used also in aromatherapy and perfumery.


garlic cloves
garlic cloves

Scientific name: Allium sativum

Habitat: refined Beds Part used: Leaves; Flowers; Seed, Root;

Common Uses: Garlic has a very long been used in a particularly ailments like Candida, vaginitis, and ringworm where it’s antiseptic, fungicidal, parasiticidal qualities have proved of aid.

Garlic has a very long folk record of use in a broad range of treatments Antiasthmatic; Anthelmintic; Antispasmodic; Diuretic; Anticholesterolemic; Cancer; Expectorant; Antiseptic; Cholagogue; Diaphoretic; Febrifuge; Stings; Tonic; Stomachic; Vasodilator, Stimulant. Outwardly, the articulated juice of garlic is an outstanding antiseptic for healing the wounds.




Scientific name: Zingiber Officinale

Habitat: Ginger is mainly established in southern China, and also cultivated in Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, West Africa and also mainly in India.

Part Used: Root, the main part Common

Uses: Generally, as we have said that the root is used, it has medicinally proved also that the root of the ginger is an effectual treatment of nausea. Ginger has several types of antioxidants.

Ginger is esteemed in herbal as a stimulant and carminative to the gastro-intestinal zone. Ginger is valuably used in the home remedy for relieving dyspepsia, indigestion, colic, and flatulence.

Ginger is accounted to have an anti-histaminic feature. Ginger is calming for colds, cough, flu and other breathing-related problems.


Camellia Sinensis
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Tea Scientific name: Camellia Sinensis

Habitat: green tea (Camellia Sinensis) requires sunlight; it has a preference to slightly acidic soils (well-drained). Green tea as the name suggests is evergreen, a shrub of 4 to 6 feet. It is inhabitant to Southeast Asia.

Part used: Leaves

Common Uses: Green tea leaves and also buds have long been used for stomach upset, cancer prevention, insomnia, and cholesterol. Chinese look upon green tea as expectorant, antitoxic, stimulant, diuretic, and stomachic. Green Tea, measured stimulant, astringent, and works as a nerve sedative, often helps in headaches.

It may also cause digestive turbulence and obnoxious nerve. The combination of green tea is also suggested for neuralgic headaches.

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Scientific name: Hydrastis Canadensis: Other names Orange root, turmeric root, eye root, jaundice root, yellow root, yellow puccoon, wild Curcuma, Indian dye, eye balm, Indian paint.

Habitat: Goldenseal is an inhabitant of the eastern United States and Canada, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, New York West Virginia. Goldenseal is established in the high-level soil of shaded woods and damp places at the edging of forested lands.

Part Used: Root Common Uses: Golden Seal has long been used as astringent, antibiotic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Golden Seal pacifies aggravated mucus membranes helping the ears, eyes, throat, and nose.

Goldenseal is taken at the first symptoms of respiratory problems, colds or flu. The goldenseal may be used to help relieve congestion, diminish fevers.

The goldenseal helps in gastric catarrh, liver troubles, loss of appetite and in dyspepsia. It is a resourceful therapy for vomiting and sickness.

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Gingko Biloba

Scientific name: Gingko Biloba

Habitat: Gingko Biloba forms typically grown-up at about 80′ tall by 60′ broad, medium growth.

Part used: Mainly Leaves Common Uses: It is a strengthen antioxidant, it boosts concentration and memory. Gingko Biloba strengthens the herbal compounds, boosting the absorption, bioavailability.

Conventionally it has long been used to boost cerebral circulation, brain function, and blood flow. People with gentle asthma, heart disorders, Alzheimer’s disease and may advantage from its therapeutic purposes.



Scientific name: Crataegus oxycantha

Habitat: Hawthorn, derived from “hedgethorn” which is spiny tree used for living fence and first found in Europe. It can be planted in any kind of water and optimal soil texture.

It requires heat and there shrubs grow to 5-15 m tall so it can be said that this is small trees.

It is mainly used in Europe or North America.

Parts used: Flowers and Fruit

Common uses: Hawthorn provides the best tonic for the heart and circulatory system as this act in normalizing the heart by stimulating in the early stage of congestive heart failure and it is used in long term recovery of a heart attack.

Effects: The effect of Hawthorn is seen after or disheartening it. It helps in dilating coronary blood vessels, strengthening heart muscles, improves the circulation to extremities, helps in lowering down the blood pressure, reduces the risk of angina attacks, it is mostly used two weeks and there is no side effect of this treatment.


Calluna spp
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Scientific name: Calluna spp.

Habitat: Heather, a plant mostly found in Scotland and it is derived from Scots word so it can be said as a Scottish origin. Mostly heather is available in the East of the Scottish countryside and very less in South and West. Its life is about 40 to 50 years and it is more easily grown on that soil which has pH in between 4.5 to 7.5. Its production power is very high and it can produce at least 1, 50,000 seeds in a season.

Parts used: Tips of the flowers, stems, shoots, and ericoid.

Common uses: Heather is mainly used as urinary antiseptic and diuretic. It also disinfects the urinary tract and increases urine production.

The decoction can be added while taking a bath or internally also. It also used to treat cystitis and inflammatory bladder stones and kidney also.

It is also helpful for various conditions like arthritis, gout or rheumatism and macerated flowering tips for producing liniment to rub on the affected joints.

Heather is used for various diseases like respiratory complaints, gastrointestinal disorders, and colic, for liver and gallbladder disease, enlargement of the prostate, agitation, wounds or insomnia.

Hyosycamus Niger
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Scientific name: Hyoscyamus Niger

Habitat: Henbane is a plant which is sticky, hairy or biennial and it grows up to 80 cm tall and covered with sticky hairs. Henbane has large, oval leaves, pale green with deeply toothed edges and these tiny hairs cover the stem and leaves.

The seeds of Henbane are enclosed in ½ inch long capsules. This plant is mostly found mostly in the Mediterranean region and various parts of North America. Egypt, the United States, and Hungary are the largest exporters of Henbane. It grows by the walls of fields, near the building or any waste ground from the low lying ground to sea lower mountain slopes.

Parts used: Leaves and top of the flowers are mostly used but its fruits can also be used.

Common uses: Henbane is meagerly used for herbal medicines and painkillers as it is mostly used in the form of painkillers for urinary tract and mainly in kidney stones. Henbane becomes valuable by sedative and antispasmodic which is used for relieving tremor but that also in the early stages of the disease.

Henbane reduces the mucus secretions and saliva with other digestive juices. Remedy for: Liver and gallbladder problems, for stomach and intestinal cramps, toothache, painful ulcers, tumor or whooping cough. It is also used for asthma patients.


Cetraria islandica
Cetraria islandica

Moss Scientific name: Cetraria islandica

Habitat: Dappled Shade, Damp places, Sunny Edge, typically on rocks and the woof of trees, particularly conifers, Woodland.

Part Used: Leaves

Common Uses: Iceland Moss has a very long folk record of use in a broad range of treatments as Anathematic; Antibiotic; Nutritive; Tonic, Demulcent; Galactogogue.

Actually, it has long been used in the treatment of the cough as well as a perfect cure in cancer treatment. Iceland Moss is strongly antiemetic, antibiotic, tonic, nutritive, strongly demulcent, and galactagogue.

It is exceptionally used in the cure of catarrh, chronic pulmonary problems, dysentery, highly developed tuberculosis, and chronic digestive disturbances.

Iceland moss has been externally used in the treatment of vaginal discharges, impetigo and as well in boils.


Hedera spp
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Scientific name: Hedera spp

It is thought that if Ivy is developed exterior the home it performs as a protector and guardian and if worn out by brides Ivy conveys good luck to the wedding.

Habitat: An inhabitant of North America, but Ivy is growing naturally in the south of England.

Ivy was brought into our gardens at a very untimely period and can adapt to different types of soils.

Uses: Ivy is commonly used as an effectual medicine for ailments such as ulcers, sores, and other skin outbreak outwardly.


Jasmine flowers
Jasmine flowers

Scientific name: Jasminum officinale

Habitat: Forests, and Shrubberies frequently on humus-rich soils, 1400 – 3000 meters in the Himalayas, Ravines, Valleys, thickets, along rivers, woods, meadows; 1700 – 4000 meters in W. China.

Part used: Flowers

Edible Uses: Tea, Condiment

Common Uses: Jasmine is commonly used in the treatment of Antispasmodic; Aromatherapy; Antiseptic; Aphrodisiac; Parasiticide; Tonic, Galactogogue. The leaf juice of jasmine is useful to ear discharges. The root of the jasmine is used in the cure of ringworm.

Jasmine flowers are antiseptic, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, tonic and Galactogogue. They are mainly used in aromatherapy (see below). Jasmine has a different type of essential oil which is used in aromatherapy. Jasmine is also used in the cure of nervous tension, depression, impotence, menstrual disorders, frigidity, and weak digestion.


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Scientific name: Simmondsia Chinensis

Other names: gray box bush, deer nut, goat nut, coffeeberry, wild hazel

Habitat: Jojoba is inhabitant to the Sonoran Desert of northwestern Mexico and to adjoining parts in southern California and Arizona.

Part used: Nuts, plant

Common Uses: Several of the main common uses of jojoba plants and nuts are as follows: cosmetics, lubrication, vegetable oils, salad oil, pharmaceuticals, waxes, human food, ornamental plant, animal feed supplement, animal browse food, etc.

Jojoba oil is effortlessly sophisticated to be unscented, oxidatively stable and colorless and is frequently used as mover oil for area fragrances and as a moisturizer in cosmetics.

It also has prospective use as both bio-diesel petroleum for trucks and cars and as well as an eco-friendly lubricant. Jojoba Plantations have been recognized in several semi-desert and desert areas, mainly in Israel, Argentina, Mexico, USA, and Peru. The baked nuts taste and smell like baked coffee beans.

Juniperis spp
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Scientific name: Juniperis spp.

Habitat: Juniper can grow with low maintenance that can become accustomed to too several growing conditions.

Common Uses: Juniper is useful for water retention problems and for all urinary infections. Juniper is used to clear uric acid from the body independently from healing pancreas with its haughty content of usual insulin. Juniper is used outwardly to compress dandruff, acne, and athletes’ foot.



Scientific name: Fucus versiculosus:

Kelp is the best-recognized food sources for iodine. It is also rich in Sulphur, calcium, and silicon. Kelp has nearly 30 minerals. It also holds the subsequent minerals – copper, iron, chlorine, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, sodium potassium, and manganese.

Habitat: Best found in stores as this is a seaweed that grows in the ocean. PARTS USED: The whole plant Uses: It cleans the arteries, asthma, colitis, skin complexion, constipation, and other bowel difficulties.

Kelp Aids in poor digestion, Diabetes, adrenal function, nail and skin problems, flatulence, gallbladder dysfunction, goiter, high blood pressure, headaches, kidney problems, nervous disorders, morning sickness, neuritis, pancreas disorders, obesity, pituitary gland stimulation, thyroid problems, prostate strength, uterine problems, sluggishness, water retention, lethargy, wrinkles and weight loss.

Piper Methysticum
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Kava Kava

Scientific name: Piper methysticum

Common Names: Kawa; Kava; Awa; Lawena; Waka; Sakau; Yaqona Habitat: Kava kava is found in the South Pacific tropical isle and has a height of 8 to 20 feet. Parts Used: The medicinal parts of Kava kava are the dried, peeled, cut rhizome, has usually been untied from the fresh rhizome and with the roots.

Uses: Kava has been used for anxiety, stress and restlessness. Some diet improvement products have been created to hold probably injurious impurities/additives.

Discuss with your doctor for more particulars concerning the exacting brand you use.

It is also used for restlessness, nervousness, stress; and. Kava-lactones may have analgesic (pain relieving), muscle relaxing, anti-anxiety, and anticonvulsant effects. Reports put forward that kava directly sways the limbic system, the prehistoric part of the brain linked with brain activities and emotions.

WARNING: uncommon (perhaps fatal) liver illness may happen with use of kava products. Stop using kava and seek instant medical notice if you build up: strict nausea, severe fatigue, dark urine, stomach pain, yellowing nails/eyes/skin/.



Scientific name: Lavandula Officinalis, Labiatae

Other Names: Garden Lavender, Lavender, common lavender, spike lavender

Habitat: Lavender is a shrubby plant, it is native to the mountainous areas of the western half of the Mediterranean. It is cultured lengthily for its fragrant flowers in a variety of regions of France, in England and in Italy and even as far north as Norway. It is also now being grown as a perfume plant in Australia.

Parts Used: Flowers

Common uses: anti-depressant, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, carminative, emmenagogue, fragrant, hypotensive, rubefacient, stimulant. Lavender is a very beautiful herb and has many uses, cosmetic, medicinal and culinary. It is an effectual herb for headaches, particularly when they are connected to stress.

Lavender can be fairly effectual in the clearance of melancholy, particularly if it is used in combination with other medicines like Rosemary, Kola or Skullcap.

As a mild powerful tonic of the nervous system Lavender is used in the exhaustion and nervous debility. It is also used for calm and endorses natural sleep.

Lavender is also used in the form of oil which is externally used as an inspiring ointment to aid relieves the pains of rheumatism.

Melissa Officinalis

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Lemon Balm

Scientific name: Melissa Officinalis

Other names – Lemon Balm, Sweet Balm

Habitat: An inhabitant of South Europe, particularly in mountainous regions, but lemon balm is growing naturally in the south of England. Lemon Balm was brought into our gardens at a very untimely period.

Part Used – Herb

Uses – Lemon balm, is esteemed as a medicinal herb, culinary, and cosmetic with its fragile lemon scent and taste. Fresh twigs are used to top drinks and as garnishes on main dishes and salads. Dried or Fresh leaves formulate an energizing tea, either hot or iced. Its leaves are used as a constituent in several pot-pourris. Used all through history as a therapeutic herb, lemon balm has mild tranquilizer properties.

Lemon balm has been used to increase perspiration, relieve gas, and reduce fever. The volatile oil holds citronellal, citral, geraniol and eugenol acetate.

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Scientific name: Glycyrrhiza glabra

Other Names: Glycyrrhiza Glandulifera – Waldst.&Kit.

Habitat: Dry open places, especially in sandy places near the sea

Part Used: Root

Edible Uses: Tea, sweetener

Common Uses: Liquorices has commonly used herbs in Western herbal medicine and has long been used both as an herbal remedy as well as a tasting to cover the distasteful tang of other remedies. Liquorices is a moist, very sweet, herb that defends and detoxifies the liver and as well strengthen anti-inflammatory, and used in circumstances as mixed as mouth ulcers and arthritis.

It is used in the cure of asthma, Addison’s disease, arthritis, coughs, bronchitis, peptic ulcer, allergic complaints. It should be used in self-possession and Liquorices should not be approved for people or pregnant women with kidney disease high blood pressure or taking digoxin-based medicine.

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Scientific name: Levisticum officinale

Habitat: Mountain meadow and hedgerows near brooks. Arable land and waste places in damp soils.

Part Used: Root; Flowers; Stem, Leaves; Seed.

Common Uses: Lovage is a tonic herb for the respiratory and digestive systems, and warming too. Lovage is mainly used in the cure of poor appetite, indigestion, bronchitis, wind, and colic. The leaves, fruits, and roots are aromatic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, diaphoretic, stimulant diuretic and mildly expectorant.

Lovage is used in the cure internally of disordered stomachs, particularly cases of colic and kidney stones, cystitis, flatulence in children, painful menstruation and slow labor. The essential oil from the seeds of Lovage is used by aromatherapists to take away spots and freckles from the face.


Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum

Scientific name: Podophyllum peltatum

Use: This herb is helpful in diseases like skin problems, digestion, and liver diseases, but again not advisable for pregnant women.

Calendula spp
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Scientific name: Calendula spp.

Habitat: This is adaptable to many soils but needs plenty of water and sun to grow at its best.

Use: It is helpful in treating headaches and it reduces fevers, and is good for heart, circulation and heals wounds and bruises.
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Scientific names: Origanum majorana

Habitat: This plant is perennial in nature and has a height around 1-3 feet and found in all kind of soils but needs full sun.

Use: It is advisable against asthma, coughs and it strengthens stomach and intestines.

Althea officinalis
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Scientific name: Althea officinalis

Habitat: It is a perennial and can grow up to 4 feet height and it needs marshes and swamps to grow.

Use: It is helpful in relaxing and soothing the bronchitis tubes and an anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory for our digestive system and joints. It can be used to treat blood poisoning, and burns also.

Filipendula ulmaria
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Scientific name: Filipendula Ulmaria

Habitat: It is a perennial and grows up to the height of 6 feet and requires marshy area and wet soils.

Use: It is helpful against headaches, arthritis, fever, menstrual cramps and flu in children. It is also a remedy against drugs and alcohol addiction.

Artemisia vulgaris
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Scientific name: Artemisia vulgaris

Habitat: It is a perennial and a shrubby plant, prefers full sun to grow to its full height and are found in dry areas.

Use: It is helpful against nervousness, insomnia and cramp bark. It is mainly used to stimulate the liver and good for digestion Pregnant women are not advisable to take this drug.

Verbascum spp
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Scientific name: Verbascum spp.

Habitat: It is a prolific self-sower and is adaptable to any kind of soils and grows for up to 8 feet height.

Use: It is termed as a pain killer and helps in bringing sleep and is not addictive and poisonous at all. It is helpful in treating lung ailments.

 Commiphora myrrha
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Scientific name: Commiphora myrrha

Use: This herb has a property of healing and cleansing, it soothes the body and fastens the process of healing, It is mainly used in mouthwashes, gargles and helpful against gum diseases and is used in toothpaste. It is an antiseptic also.

Myrtus communis
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Scientific name: Myrtus communis

Habitat: This plant demands warm climates, it has a smack pointed leaves and it can grow up to 12 feet height. It has blossoms are white and small leaves are collected and dried for use mainly in August.

Use: It is helpful against bronchitis, and clears wounds, colds and is helpful against coughs and stops bad breath also.


Azadirachta indica Neem
Azadirachta indica Neem

Scientific name: Azadirachta indica

Habitat: It is called ‘Indian Pride but found in Burma, South East Asia, and western Africa and is a tropical evergreen.

If given a desirable climate can grow up to 50 feet and can bear drought and poor soils, freezing temperatures are not acceptable to it.

It requires well-drained soils and organic fertilizers.

Use: It has a great medicinal value and can treat wounds, bruises, headache, fever, poisoning in food, hepatitis, flu, any type of infection, Sexual disorder and transmitted diseases

It is a remedy against nerve disorders, heart problems, malaria, blood disorders, and kidney problems.

This is being closely studied for combating AIDS, Cancer, and allergies, but cannot be used internally by pregnant women.

Researches have shown that neem is very effective against fungi that infect the body of a human being. Neem has been found powerful and effective against athlete’s foot fungus that infects skin and nails,

it is ringworm that causes disorder in skin and nail of the feet. It takes control of fungi that lead to lesions in the mouth, vagina, skin, hands, and lungs.

It has been in use in India for ages and it is a firm belief of people that it helps in curing smallpox, chickenpox by using a paste of neem leaves.

As there is no proper evidence that neem cures but it is helpful in the prevention of the same. Crude neem extracts have the ability to absorb the virus and helps to prevent it from entering new cells. It is also helpful against herpes virus and the viral DNA polymerase of hepatitis.

Urtica spp
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Scientific name: Urtica spp.

Habitat: This is basically a weed and hence is not advisable to grow in an herbal garden.

Use: This is helpful against anemia, blood pressure and reduces menstrual problems.

It can be used externally for treating neuralgia and arthritis. It is advisable during pregnancy and is supportive during the process.

It is a very popular form of raw material and used in small scale papermaking. It is exceptionally high in protein and is grown in many areas, they are sold in farmer’s market and its juices are helpful in congestive heart failure.

It is also a component of shampoos to control dandruff. It is also used by bodybuilders to increase free testosterone and by occupying sex hormone binding globulin.

Myristica fragrans
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Scientific name: Myristica fragrans

Habitat: This plant has been termed as a prized possession in middle ages, In Elizabeth’s time, it was believed that it could fight against plague so it got popularity. It was also traded by Arabs.

Use: It is beneficial for heart problems and relieves from chronic nervous problems, it relieves from nausea, but it is not advisable to take large doses as it can lead to miscarriage for pregnant women.

It is also helpful in obtaining oil from it through distillation and is used excessively by pharma and perfume industry. It is absorbed as a natural food flavor in baked goods and syrups. It is also advisable against coughs and used in toothpaste.


Quercus spp
Quercus spp

Scientific name: Quercus spp.

Habitat: This is found in the northern hemisphere and extends from cold latitude to America and Asia

Oak is basically a tree and its leaves are arranged spirally, its bark is used for medical purposes.

Use: This is helpful against diarrhea and curing dysentery and it can be applied externally to swollen tissues, wounds, and bruises. As it is a hard tree and its wood is used as furniture also.

It can be taken during pregnancy and breastfeeding but it sometimes can cause constipation but is quite safe for use by children and infants.


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Scientific name: Avena Sativa, A. Fatua

Habitat: It is considered an annual grass and can grow up to 4 feet in height.

Use: It is helpful in fighting against illness and it provides required fiber in our diet and its pastes help in curing many disorders like acne.




Scientific name: Allium Sepa

Habitat: It is a perennial herb and it requires a dry location in a temperature ranging from 35 and 50 degrees. It is extensively found in India and other parts of the world. It can be grown from seeds or from sets, and these sets are produced by sowing seeds thickly in a year.

They are frequently used in college labs as their property includes large cells and it helps in proper visibility through a low-end optical microscope

Use: They are really rich in many properties like water and low calorie and hence help in various diseases.

It can be used for external purposes as an antiseptic and internally also it can relive from gas pains and can reduce hypertension and cholesterol, Apart from medicines it is extensively used in Indian cooking as it is a part and parcel of every food and its inclusion adds wonders in its taste, They are rich in water level and energy and have low calories, they got a generous amount of B6, B! and folic acid.

It has got chemicals which helps us to fight against the free radicles produced in our body which can cause disease and cells destruction and further are associated with 60 and more disease. If they are consumed properly by a person then it increases cholesterol by an average of 30% it increases circulation low down the blood pressure and is helpful in blood clotting.




Scientific name: Citrus aurantium

Habitat: It is basically found in rich and sandy soil and prefers warm year and round temperatures and is found plenty in the Indian subcontinent.

Use: Its basic purpose is that it is used as fruits and its syrup and juice provides energy and is very light in nature and really helpful for many patients suffering from end number of diseases.. it relies on giddiness and vomiting.

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Scientific name: Origanum vulgare

Habitat: It is a perennial and prefers drained and alkaline soil and needs full sun.

Use: It is a viable herb against colds, flu, and fevers, It relieves from menstrual discomforts and helpful in clearing bronchial.



Scientific name: Passiflora incarnata

Habitat: It can grow up to the height of 30 feet and it requires partial shade and fertile soil.

Use: It is a useful treatment against insomnia, nervous tension and infection s related to eyes. It is also advisable against Parkinson.


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Scientific name: Pogostemon cablin, P. patchouli Habitat

Use: It is helpful against cold, vomiting, nausea and it can treat diarrhea and dysentery also.




Scientific name: Mentha pulegium

Habitat: It is a perennial which can grow up to a height of 2 feet but requires direct sun and it can bear mostly all soils.

Use: It is helpful against gas and regulates the digestive system; it regulates the flow before menstruation and can be used for the treatment for stomach upset. It is not advisable for pregnant women.


Paeonia officinalis
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Scientific name: Paeonia Officinalis

Habitat: This is a perennial shrub but is a plant and can grow up to 4 feet height and it requires rich and well-drained soil with full sun.

Use: It is helpful against menstrual cramps and balances irregularities and a remedy against asthma and helps to maintain emotional nervous conditions.


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Scientific name: Mentha Piperita

Habitat: It is a perennial and prefers full sun and is tolerant of many soils and can lengthen up to 3 feet.

Use: It is good for strengthening the body and it actually cleans it, it works as a sedative on our stomach and strengthens the bowels.

It is a very good remedy against gastro intestine tract and soothes it. and can relax our muscles in the intestines wall, it reduces the pain related to the condition like irritable syndrome and relieves cramps.

Saliva production is also stimulated by peppermint and increase in it can result to increase in appetite, can reduce nausea and motion sickness.

The oil is also used orally to relieve muscle spasm which results through diagnostic procedures like endoscopy and etc. It is very helpful against colds and can reduce it if taken orally. It has antibacterial antifungal effects and helps in proper respiration.

Its oil can soothe nasal passages and include in commercial chest rubs for a positive effect. Periwinkle Scientific name: Vinca major, Vinca minor Habitat It is a perennial and requires moist and well-drained soils; it prefers full as well as partial shade and is spread by putting out runners. Use It can be helpful against skin problems; it can treat acne, dermatitis, and eczema.


Plantago lanceolata


Scientific name: Plantago lanceolata, P. major

Habitat: This can be perennial and some are annual and are common weeds, it prefers al type of soils and needs full sun.

Use: It is helpful against clearing mucous from the body and it neutralizes poisons, it is helpful against treating lung problems in Childs and it can be helpful against stomach ulcers, a remedy against diarrhea, treating wounds and bladder infection as well.


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Scientific name: Papaver spp.

Habitat: These are perennials and prefer poor to average soils that are heading towards dryness. It can be found anywhere in North America.

Use: It is also helpful against insomnia, pain and can treat nervousness as well as chronic coughs.

Queen Anne’s Lace

Queen Annes Lace
Queen Annes Lace

Scientific name: Daucus carota

Common Name: It is commonly called as wild carrot. It has features like a wild carrot in several respects like if you excavate the roots of it would smell just like the ordinary carrots that we all believe of nowadays! “Queen Anne’s Lace,” name comes from the lacey arrangement of the flowers, which just so occurred to be very accepted in Europe approximately … you estimated it, Queen Anne’s rule.

Habitat: Queen Anne’s Lace is a biennial plant that flourishes around 3 to 4 feet tall in its wild condition.

Its vegetation is alternate around the stem and is frequently fern-like in look. Part Used: Root, seed

Common Uses
Queen Anne’s Lace has long been said to be used for its therapeutic properties. The seeds of Queen Anne’s Lace can be very useful for treating prostatitis and cystitis. The roots of this plant have vitamin in abundance and the juice is called to have anti-cancer properties as well the root juice is perfect for treating itchy skin.

WARNING: Be very cautious with Queen Anne’s Lace. While it may not be poisonous itself but it looks like to Western Water Hemlock and Poison Hemlock.



Scientific name: Rubus idaeus The Raspberry (Red Raspberry) is a plant that makes a sweet, tart, red merged fruit in early autumn or summer.

Habitat: It is a perennial or biennial plant with a height of 3 – 6 feet has preference long cool springs and cold winter and ample water for developing in the Southern region.

Part Used: mainly Leaves, flowers Common uses: Raspberry is generally used in the leaves form in medicinal and herbal teas. Its leaves have an extra flavor like astringent. Mainly leaves of the raspberry are used in relieving to the menstruation of females.

Raspberry reinforces the uterine wall throughout pregnancy, decrease the pain of delivering a child, helps to decrease fake labor pains. After delivery the child it also diminishes uterine swelling and reduces the flow of blood. Raspberry is also good for queasiness in kids, diarrhea, and dysentery in infants.


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Scientific name: Rosa spp.

The rose is the national flower of the United States and England, in addition to being the sign of the Rugby Football Union and of England Rugby.

Habitat: Rose requires sufficient water to flourish, adaptable to several types of soils, no matter what type. Rose is basically grown in abundance in North America.

Part Used: Petals (leaves of roses)

Common Uses: Actually rose is used as many forms, sometimes as a medicinal value and sometimes it is used in cosmetic products, and also for having flavor in taste. Rose has vitamin c in that and it helps to nourish and to make smooth the skin. Rose is also working as a blood purifier.

As a medicinal value, it can treat slight infections, such as cold, nausea. Petals are used in healing incense and sachets. The hips are strung like beads and worn to attract love. Rose’s petals if scattered around the home calms strain.

According to the Victorian “Language of flowers”, special colored roses each have their own figurative meaning:

• Pink: grace, calm feelings of love
• Light Pink: sympathy, admiration
• Dark Pink: appreciation
• Red: be devoted to, love
• White: purity, innocence, secrecy, humility, friendship, and reverence.
• Yellow with red tips: falling in love, Friendship
• Yellow: platonic love, mean dying love, jealousy, and infidelity.
• Orange: zeal
• Green: peaceful
• Burgundy: loveliness
• Purple: protection (homely love)
• Blue: secrecy
• Black: unquestioning devotion


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Scientific name: Rosmarinus Officinalis

“There’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance.” — Shakespeare’s Hamlet to Ophelia Rosemary is an eye-catching shrub with languish needle-like leaves. Its bind up of blue flowers last through spring and summer in a warm, humid environment.

Habitat: It will flourish to a height of between 3 to 5 feet. Rosemary grows basically in a sheltered position and well-drained soil, it needs lots of suns.

Part Used: leaves

Common Uses: Rosemary rouses the circulatory system and stings (outwardly). It treats migraines, bad breath, upset stomachs, stimulates sexual organs, treats nervous disorders, regulates the menstrual cycle and eases cramps (internally). It is also used in ointments to relieve muscle pain and arthritis.

When Rosemary used in abundance it can have the opposed result, causing annoyance of the cramps and intestines. The leaves of the rosemary made a tea, which is also used as an antiseptic and taken as a tonic for soothing nerves.

Rosemary helps to calm down the smooth muscles of the uterus and digestive tract. Due to this property, it can be used to calm digestive distress and ease menstrual cramps.


Ruta graveolens
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Scientific name: Ruta graveolens

Habitat: old walls, Rocks, and dry hills, mostly on limestone, Woodland Garden; Dappled Shade; Sunny Edge; Ground Cover; East Wall In; West Wall In; Cultivated Beds; South Wall In;

Part used: Leaves

Edible Uses: Tea, Condiment; Rutin Common

Uses: Rue has a long been used as a home-based remedy, being particularly esteemed for its powerful work on the eyes. Rue is anthelmintic, abortifacient, antidote, carminative, antispasmodic, emetic, expectorant, emmenagogue, hemostatic, rubefacient, ophthalmic, strongly stimulant, uterotonic and mildly stomachic. A combination of Rue is used in the cure of coughs, hysterical affections, flatulence, etc.

The fluid of the Rue has been used in curing earaches and chewing one or two leaves is called to rapidly carry aid from nervous headaches, giddiness, palpitations, etc. it is a homeopathic remedy, Rue is used in the treatment of various illness including, headache, eye strain, and sprains.


Crocus sativus
Crocus sativus

Its scientific name is Crocus sativus.

Habitat: This herb requires well-drained soil and plenty of water and full sun, it is a perennial.

Use: Saffron is helpful in preventing heart diseases which are building cholesterol, and it relaxes walls of the colon and stomach. It is not advisable for pregnant women.


Salvia spp
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Scientific name: Salvia spp.

Habitat: This herb is an evergreen perennial and it accumulates a height of 2 feet if under sandy, full sun and limey soil.

Use: This herb is helpful in relieving the excess mucus build up and it eases mental exhaustion and maximizes concentrating abilities, useful in skin eruptions and sores.

It also cures or helpful to stop bleeding and against sore throat basically good for stomach troubles, gas, flu and even remove dandruff. In the case of women, a good remedy to regulate the menstrual cycle, and decrease the supply of milk flow lactating women.

Hypericum perforatum
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St. Johnswort

Scientific name: Hypericum perforatum

Habitat: It is basically found in North America and is a perennial which can be up to 32 inches; it grows in rich to moderately rich soils and prefers full sun.

Use: This herb is helpful against bronchitis, healing wounds and internal bleeding. A remedy against headaches, depression, hysteria, and symptoms that are the result of menopause and St. Johnswort is quite helpful in swellings and insect swings. It also increase the effectiveness in the immune system thus helps in combating AIDS.


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Scientific name: Santalum album

Habitat: Santalum album is native to the tropical strap of eastern Indonesia, Indian peninsula, and northern Australia.

Use: Sandalwood is helpful to cool the body and relaxes during fevers and helpful against infection.


Saw Palmetto
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Saw Palmetto

Its scientific names are Serenoa repens, S. Serrulata

Habitat: Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens), is widespread to coastal plains from southeastern Louisiana to South Carolina as well as the Florida peninsula.

Use: Saw Palmetto is helpful against all the wasting ailments of the reproductive organs and glands, also helpful against lung asthma and bronchitis.


Scutellaria laterifolia
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Its scientific name is Scutellaria Laterifolia

Habitat: It is a perennial and grows in moist and well-drained soils, it can be up to 3 feet in full to partial shade.

Use: Scullcap is a basic requirement for the nerves it relives from all those acute diseases which affect the nerves. It minimizes the effects of epilepsy and regulates sexual desires, also helpful in lessening restlessness and insomnia also remedy against menstrual troubles.

Cassia Senna
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Its scientific name is Cassia Senna

Habitat: It is a shrub which holds its nativeness to India, China and North Africa and it can lengthen up to three feet.

Use: It is not recommended for a prolonged period to avoid dependency and is effective laxative and is used as a cleanser during a fast.

Slippery Elm
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Slippery Elm

Scientific name: Ulmus Fulva

Habitat: This tree grows up to the 50- 80 feet, it requires good soils and full sun, and it is originated in Florida, Canada, and Texas.

Use: This herb is helpful in neutralizing stomach acids; it draws out impurities and heals all parts of the body. It is good for the respiratory system and is helpful to cure burns, wounds and skin cancers.

Polygonatum officianale
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Solomon’s seal

scientific name: Polygonatum Officianale

Habitat: It is perennial that can grow up to 1- 3 feet and desires damp woods, roadsides and it needs partial as well as full sun.

Use: It is helpful against tuber closes, diabetes and is a kidney tonic and is a healer of broken bones.


taheebo bark
taheebo bark

Scientific name: Tabebuia spp.

Taheebo herb is also known as Pau d’ Arco.

Habitat: Taheebo develops well in a mountainous environment. It is found growing in Argentina and Peru high up in the Andes.

Taheebo is also developed in low-lying areas (in Brazil and Paraguay), where it is contemplation to have derived.

Part used: Inner bark of Taheebo

Common use: Taheebo is a valuable herb which has virus-killing and anti-biotic properties. It increases the immunity power for fighting the diseases and provides enough energy to the body.

Taheebo is very useful in the treatment of all immunodeficiency diseases, chronic diseases, and diarrhea. In South America, it is well known for fighting with leukemia and cancer.




Scientific name: Artemisia dracunculus

Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) is a shrubby, small herb, in the sunflower family. Two species of Tarragon are cultivated, French and Russian.

Habitat: Tarragon is inhabitant to western Asia and southern Russia. Nowadays, its main manufacturer in France.

Part Used: Stems, leaves are frequently included. It is used as a fresh herb for the reason that the fragrance of old tarragon is generally very poor.

Common uses: Tarragon’s mild concoction is used to cure hyperactivity and insomnia. It excites that hunger and abets indigestion. Commonly Tarragon is recognized as a flavoring in vinegar. It is frequently used in egg and tomato dishes and also provides a different taste to sauces. Tarragon also used well in fish, stews, soups, and meat.

Tarragon, nothing like several other herbs, was not used by earliest peoples. It was declared momentarily in medieval writings as a pharmaceutical but did not draw closer into frequent use until the 17th century in England.




Scientific name: Thymus spp.

Habitat: It is a perennial inhabitant to the Mediterranean.

Part used: Mainly leaves, but whole herb (leaves + stem) is also sold.

Gardeners of southern may wish to develop thyme indoors with the intention that conditions may be warily proscribed. Most varieties of thyme grow to merely 6-12 inches in height, thyme makes a beautiful edging. Leaves are in a very beautiful combination of green-gray color.

Common use: Thyme can be used as a seasoning during pregnancy, but do not use it as a strong medicine while you are expecting a new life means when you are pregnant.

Medicinally Thyme is used as power antiseptic in the case of bronchial diseases, anemia, intestinal problems, against tooth decay, skin parasites. Thyme is also used for flatulence, cold, cough and colic. Brew of thyme is often approved for coughs, as well as those consequential from emphysema, whooping cough, and bronchitis.

Uva Ursi

Uva Ursi
Uva Ursi

Scientific name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Other Common Names: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Arberry, Bearberry, Rockberry, Bear Grape, Coralillo, Mealberry, Hogberry, Mountain Cranberry, Sandberry, Kinnikinnick.

Uva ursi is a sprawling evergreen shrub that grows in an alpine wooded area in various regions, including Europe, Siberia, North America, the Iberian Peninsula, and the Himalayas. Uva ursi flourishes in humus-rich earth. This plant is a dwarfed plant, evergreen perennial with creeping, short, red-brown branches.

White or Pink flowers blossom in the season. Some people said that bears are very fond of the gleaming, bright pink or red berries that are edible but some bitter tasting.

Habitat: Uva Ursi, named plant flourishes merely a few inches tall and have a preference poor soils in sun and can continue to exist temperatures of -50.

Part Used: The leaves are used in medicinal preparations, but not the berries.

Common Use:
Uva ursi is also recognized as bearberry. It has a history of therapeutic use since the 2nd century. Resident Americans have worn it as a medicine for urinary area infections; in actual fact, in anticipation of the detection of antibiotics and sulfa drugs, uva ursi was the cure of preference for such bladder and associated diseases.

Uva Uri’s antimicrobial properties have proved to fight with infection and diuretic effects. No studies on people have been done yet, however.

Uva ursi is commonly used to cure kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and cystitis (bladder inflammation). Uva ursi has a main active compound named arbutin, hydroquinone derivative.

This compound is absorbed in the stomach and altered into a matter with astringent, antimicrobial, and disinfectant properties.

As uva ursi works, it passes out of the body during urination, it works on the mucous membranes of the urinary zone to appease irritation, fight infection and reduce inflammation.

Available Forms
Uva ursi is obtainable as a crushed leaf or powder preparations on a commercial level.

How to Take It
Uva ursi is not suggested for children less than 12 years.

Adult suggested doses are:

  • Dry extract: 100-210 ml.gms hydroquinone derived 1-4 times daily.
  • Dried herb (accessible in capsules): 1.5 to 2.5 grams, 3-4 times per day.
  • Liquid extract (1:1, 25% alcohol): 1.5 to 2.5 mL, 3-4 times per day.
  • Tea: Pour 1 cup boiling water over 1 heaping teaspoon of dried herb. Sheer for 15 minutes. Gulp down to four times for each day.
  • Tincture (1:5): 2 to 4 ml, 3-4 times for each day.


valerian root
Valerian root

Scientific name: Valeriana Officinalis

Common name: Great wild valerian, Phu, Setwall, Capon’s tail, all-heal, Amantilla.

Habitat: Valerian is a perennial plant that grows to 3 feet and prefers full sun, average to rich well-drained soil, it flourishes mainly in Europe and Northern Asia and its roots are harvested for medicinal use in the fall of their second year.

Part used: Root is the main part, which is used.

Common Use: Valerian has been used as a killer of anxiety and sleep disorders. It is also used for other diseases like depression, headaches, trembling and irregular heartbeat.

Actually, roots of valerian are generally used to create supplements such as tablets, capsules, liquid extracts in addition to teas.

According to science

  • Well, there is not sufficient scientific proof to conclude whether valerian uses for anxiety or other diseases, for example, headaches and depression.
  • A study suggests that valerian may be useful for insomnia (sleeping disorder), but there is not sufficient verification from well-made studies to verify this.
  • Valerian has uses in herbal medicine as a calming.



Scientific name: Verbena Officinalis

Habitat: The Vervain is an ordinary perennial wildflower which found in England, growing in meadows and at the edging of roads. It grows 1 to 2 feet tall. It has a preference full sunlight, normal to rich soils. Vervain is grown all through mild North America. Vervain is self-sows but quite short-lived.

Part Used: The flower and leaves are the parts used medicinally.

Common Use: Vervain is commonly used to cure the liver and related diseases to the liver, fatigue, exhaustion, fever, asthma, and post-natal depression, insomnia, in addition to painful or asymmetrical menses. Vervain is frequently suggested these days to boost the flow of breast milk, plus to treat menstrual pain and insomnia. It should not be used in pregnancy.

Like sour plants, Vervain has been used to rouse hunger and digestion. Other conventional uses comprise treating fevers, abdominal spasms, depression.


Violet Viola odorata
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Scientific name: Viola odorata

Other Names: Sweet violet, ordinary violet, Garden violet, common blue violet

Habitat: Violet is mainly a European perennial. It flourishes throughout North America and usually can be found flourishing any type of soil.

Part used: Root

Edible as well Medicinal, the leaves and flowers of the viola are prepared into a syrup used in option drug mostly for respiratory diseases connected with a sore throat, congestion, and coughing. Flowers are edible. It is used as food additives for example candied for decoration, in the salad, and made into jelly.

Violet is an effectual healer for interior ulcers, evil growths. It is used both externally and internally for abscesses, swollen glands, tumors, and pimples.

The earliest Greeks measured the Violet a sign of love and fertility; Violet is used in love potions.

Violets are effortlessly cultivated throughout seeds or root cuttings. With over 900 species, plant identification to the precise is proficiency in itself. Nevertheless, all have practically the same edible and medicinal herb values.




Scientific name: Vitex agnus-castus

Common names: Chaste tree, Monk’s pepper

Botanical name: Vitex Agnus-castus

Habitats: Sunny Edge; Woodland Garden; Dappled Shade, Vitex flourishes in central Asia and Mediterranean countries.

Parts used: The dried fruit is used, that has a pepper-like flavor and aroma. Vitex is used in herbal medicine planning.

Common use: This herb normalizes the reproductive system, treats infertility, PMS, menopausal problems and hormonal imbalances.

Vitex Agnus-castus has been used for several years for its useful influence on the women hormonal system.

The fruits and seeds are aphrodisiacs, an aphrodisiac, stomachic, galactagogue, sedative, ophthalmic, women’s complaints. Regrettably, the berries are not likely to be created in the climate of British.

It works upon the pituitary gland, reducing the production of definite hormones and escalating the production of others, shifting the balance in errand of the gestagens.

Decoctions of the fruit and plant were also used in sits baths for diseases of the uterus. In addition, Vitex was believed to suppress libido and inspire chastity, which explains one of its common names, chaste tree.

The flowers of Vitex are used to make a perfume. A yellow dye is found from the leaves, the roots and the seed. Regrettably, the seed is very implausible to be twisted in Britain.



Scientific name: Juglans nigra (Black Walnut)

Habitat: These are large trees up to 60 feet length and they grow in full sun and needs deep and well-drained soil and regular supply of water.

Use: Its bark can be used as a remedy against skin diseases and dysentery. Its nut can be used to gain weight and to build strength, skin diseases, body lice, and internal parasites can be treated by the ground hull of the nut.

Its oil is a remedy against dandruff and its leaf is useful against boils and hives.

This is considered the best wood in the world and was used by our ancestors in all spheres of their life. It gives a beautiful finish and easy to work on and durability is its character. It shrinks and swells less compared to any other wood so widely useful for a cabinet maker and gunsmiths.


wild yam
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Wild Yam

Scientific name: Dioscorea villosa

Habitat: It’s a perennial plant and is a low creeper and needs average or poor soils in full sun.

Use: These herbs are termed as a remedy against liver diseases and cure endocrine system. It is quite helpful for females during their menopause, menstrual instability and infertility; it tends to regulate their system and helps in keeping a balance. It was magical against female and any problem related to childbirth was helpful in gastrointestinal problems, muscle spasms, and other conditions like arthritis and rheumatism.

Yet its scientific reality is not tested but plants of this genus are valuable to modern medicines. It is helpful to sportsmen also as most of the steroids are manufactured from diosgenin extracted from it. Many drugs like birth control pills are made possible due to this genus.


wild cherry

Wild Cherry

Scientific name: Prunus serotina.

Habitat: This could be a tree as well as a shrub entirely depends on the conditions of a particular area, it is found mainly in moist areas, it could be a tall shrub or a small tree.

Use: An herb mainly used to treat all illnesses related to lung congestion.




Scientific name: Salix spp.

Habitat: This tree requires damp, regular water and low space and length around 70 feet or more and mainly found in North America.

Use: This is a very good herb against eyes problems like infection or inflammation. It basically heals eyes that are infected.



Witch Hazel

Scientific name: Hamamelis virginiana

Habitat: It requires full sun and average soils, a shrub that grows to 5-15 feet.

Use: This is a preferred remedy over insect bites, bleeding wounds, burns, hemorrhoids, and varicose veins. It is used externally as well as internally. Internally it can stop bleedings from internal organs and can cure bronchitis, flu, stomach ulcers and cough. It can be used as a mouthwash and helpful for bleeding gums also.




Scientific name: Artemisia absinthum

Habitat: This shrub requires full sun and average to poor soils and grows to 4 feet mainly in temperate regions.

Use: This is a remedy against all type of problems within the digestive system, liver and bladder ailments. It helps in menstruation and menstruation cramps.



Scientific name: Achillea millefolium

Habitat: Meadows, pastures, lawns, etc. on all but the poorest soils, Yarrow ranges from 8 inches to 3 feet tall, it is a perennial and prefers full sunlight.

Common Uses: Yarrow is used as a medicine mainly. Scientific name: Achilleahonors the hero of Greek Achilles, who is called to have used yarrow on the battleground to stop the flow of blood of his men’s wounds.

It is a conventional women’s herb, used to relieve in her period time.

The herb merges well with Mentha x piperita vulgaris (Peppermint) and Sambucus nigra flowers) for treating influenza and colds. Yarrow is bitter tonic, antispasmodic, antiseptic, astringent, cholagogue, mildly aromatic, digestive, carminative, diaphoretic, odontalgic, emmenagogue, stimulant, vulnerary and vasodilator.

Yellow Dock

bitter yellow dock plant
bitter yellow dock plant

Scientific name: Rumex crispus

Habitat: Yellow dock is inhabitant to Asia and Europe and develops all through North America as an ordinary weed. In Europe, it is flourished as a vegetable. It flourishes 1 to 4 feet high.

Part Used: medicinally is the root..

Common Uses:
Yellow Dock is an influential astringent and blood purifier. Yellow dock has generally tonic effects medicinally; yellow dock exclusively helps the skin, digestive tract, and liver. It mainly cures skin problems which are occurred by the poor liver function, toxic accumulation or poor digestive system. It is rich in iron, which makes it helpful for treating anemia.

Yellow dock has a gentle laxative result, due to ingredients recognized anthraquinone glycosides. It fuels digestive and bile enzymes.

  • Skin problems
  • Poor digestion
  • Liver detox
  • Mild constipation

It comes in tea, tincture, capsule, and dried herb types. Yellow Dock can also be taken in tea form by sheering 1 to 2 small spoons of the root in 2 cups of water.



Scientific name: Yucca spp.

Taxonomy: Magnoliophyta (angiosperm), Liliopsida (monocot), Agavaceae, Yucca

Common Names: Soaptree Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Beargrass, Yucca, Fineleaf Yucca, Soapweed Yucca.

Habitat: Yucca is found in the deserts of the southwest and in the hot region of North America. It is particularly plentiful in Arizona and New Mexico. It grows to be approx one to five feet tall.

Part used: leaves and roots

Common uses: Yucca is used to cure high blood pressure, high cholesterol, intestinal disorders, headaches, and swelling. Yucca has anti-inflammatory agents and it works by improving circulation and reducing arterial tensions.

Yucca is prior to service the shampoo and soap prepared by it is used to wash the body.

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