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Ayurveda Health Science in the Vedic Era

In Hindu inscriptions, one can read many references and renditions of occurrences that prove that herbal medicines and practices are already in good use and relatively advanced during the Vedic ages.

Such references, found in the old texts are the implantation of a steel leg replacing a broken one on King Ravel’s daughter and the transplant of a horse’s jaw on a human’s head.

Other references about Ayurveda treatments are also found in the Arthashastra (Economy) scripts by Kautilya.

Here the reference is made to a simple survey on health herbal doctors possessing Yantra (equipment), Shastra (tools), Agada (poison), Aushadha (medicine), Sneha (love), Vastra (clothes), Parichaarak / Parichaarika (nurses), with which to cure and heal.

intro to ayurveda
intro to Ayurveda

Pashu Chikitsa (Ayurveda, Animal Treatments)

Going back through the ages, one will find out that regulations and rules really mattered to everyone back then. During the ancient period of the Vedic era, life was all-natural and major importance was given to Yadnya, only allowed to married men.

Hunting was only permitted for Yadnya and feeding, whereas eating meat after Yadnya was considered as a holy deed. All the animals involved in Yadnya had to be first cured of any disorders and/or diseases, always with natural herbal medicine.

Ayurveda Summary

The origin of the word Ayurveda goes far back into the ages, originally deriving from the formulation of the word ‘Ayur’ meaning life and ‘Veda’ standing for knowledge.

Traced back to the evolution of civilization, Ayurveda care herbal science was already practiced, with the witness to this fact being the oldest scriptures known to mankind; the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Athra Veda, and Sam Veda.

Originally descended as part of the Vedic science, Ayurveda medicine became an integral spiritual science basing its theories and herbal remedies on the knowledge of the universe.

One of the core statements descended through the 6000-year-old history of herbal medicine states that one can achieve a life of well being by possessing sound Sharira (body), mana (mind) and Atma (soul).

Ayurveda India’s gift to mankind narrates on its written texts and even in its practices the importance of anything surrounding our life in order of healthy living, from personal hygiene to social conduct.

Ayurveda therapy practice for well being is divided into sections.

One of the sections defined as ‘for the layman and self-care’, which caters to a home remedy in Ayurveda for various diseases and disorders while it also outlines the right way of life.

The other section of this herbal treatments’ science is referred to as ‘the healer and his practice’, and treats the more intense diseases and is more commonly practiced by Ayurveda treatment professionals.

Ayurveda herb practices usually involve the healing of disorders by working on the spiritual factor and also using the general ‘way of life’ alterations.

Both of these aspects reflect heavily on one’s health conditions and the right balance of both will reduce disorder tendencies.

According to Upanishads, the spiritual teachings of ancient India, the disease is the highest form of asceticism (tapas), whereby the truth of life and the truth of one’s own self can be revealed.

Ayurveda Scholars


This great man was the first person to learn Ayurveda herb science from Indra and consequently passed it on to all of mankind.

When diseases came into existence, Rishis sent Bharadwaj to study Ayurveda remedies from Indra at the Ashrama at Prayag. Saints during that period lived a long life but nonetheless, Bharadwaj succeeded in living much longer.


Atreya, direct son of Devarshi Atri, the divine son of Brahma. The name itself represents different meanings but the main description referred to here means only the father-son legacy.

ayurveda scholars
Ayurveda scholars


Agnivesh was one of Atreya’s disciples that wrote the Agnivesh – Tantra another part of the Ayurveda medicine studies.


The first man to refine and interpret the Agnivesha, which he also enriched with his annotations. His contributions were so great that in some places he was regarded as the original author of this herbal remedies inscription. Charaka enlarged the original Agnivesha-tantra (in brief Sutra) with his annotations (Bhashya).

Thus Charaka was the Bhasyakara of Agnivesa’s work as was Patanjali for the Astadhyayi of Panini. That is why no wonder that Charaka has been identified as Patanjali, the author of Yogasutra and Mahabhasya.

Was Charaka an individual or a traditional group?

Some scholars’ opinion is that Charaka was one of the branches of black Yajurveda (another form of Ayurveda health branches) and that the persons following this branch formed a sect known as Charaka.

Though it might perhaps be that Charaka, the annotator of the Charaka Sanita, was a single person belonging to that sect.


Drudhabala is the son of Kapilabala and resident of Pancanadapura that was also responsible for the compiling of chapters in Chikisitaasthana and entire sections of Kalpa and Siddhi. Gave his attributes during the Gupta era around 4 A.D.

Bhaav Mishra

The last novel of Laghutrai was written by Bhaav Mishra, son of Latkan Mishra. Brahmin by the cast, he introduced new thoughts and Dravyas to natural herbal medicine’s world.

Ayurved Avtaran

Atreya and other sages got their natural herbal medicine knowledge directly from Indra according to Charak Shanita.

When these students of herbal medicines started living in human villages, due to the humans’ cooking especially the Godhum (sweets), they were turning fat and their general bodily health was getting weaker.

Seeing this they set out to the Himalayas where they set home adorned by the calm environment which is also home to the divine souls and root of the river Ganges. This was the same time when Indra decided he should share the knowledge of herbal remedies or better, Ayurveda medicine.

The reasons that induced him to take this choice where ‘self-protection’ and ‘helping the Praja’ (citizens).

The Ayurveda care herbal science is all about hearing, learning, and understanding.

Brahma is referred to as the wisest and knowledgeable person in every scientific subject. He is also recognized as the founder of Ayurveda herb science for which he also wrote a textbook on, the Brahma Samhita.

Brahma passed over this art of healing herbals to ‘Daksha Prajapati’ and ‘Bhaskara’. Ashwinikumar also learned directly from Brahma which consequently wrote such books as Aswin Sanhita, Chikitsa Sartantra, Bhramaghna, and Nadipariksha.

Through these routes, Ayurveda therapy and remedy science were spread with many people and succeeded in breaking the borders, reaching out to many foreign countries all over the world.

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