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Ayurveda Doshas – Vata Pitta Kapha

In the theory of the ancient Indian life science of Ayurveda, there are five basic elements in nature. They are named space, air, fire, water, and earth. And these five basic elements then being combined and formed into three basic classifications.

Ayurveda collectively called these three basic classifications as “dosha”; while these three classifications are named: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.

vata pitta kapha

Definition of dosha

There’s virtually no appropriate translation of the exact meaning of dosha. Many people comprehend the word as “biological type” or physical constitution.

In Sanskrit language, dosha is identified as “doosyati iti doshah”, which necessarily suggests “that which contaminates is called dosha.” This particular definition makes it simple and easy for people to comprehend the specification of dosha.

Nonetheless, it is in fact rather complicated for the original explanation of dosha. It’s regarded as the pathogenic elements, and it could be disease-causing substances in the human body and the disease is resulting from the imbalance of Ayurveda body types of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.


Dosha reflects all-natural attributes as each of us has different proportions of dosha and is composed of the three combinations of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha to form a unique feature.

Everyone has one or two dominant doshas, thus showing a certain tendency in the physical, emotion, and personality. Know your dosha type is the basis for obtaining physical and mental balance. Different people will have different nourishment and attention to problems.

Despite the fact that each one of us contains the elements of Vata, Pitta or Kapha to various degrees, but one of these three basic elements will dominate our body and mind which is known as the “main” dosha; while the secondary dosha would be the next highest fraction of element. With these three elements, it can constitute into 10 different constitutional dosha types:


Single dominant dosha:

  • Vata
  • Pitta
  • Kapha

Dual dosha (certain dosha is predominant others)

  • Vata-Pitta
  • Vata-Kapha
  • Pitta-Vata
  • Pitta-Kapha
  • Kapha-Vata
  • Kapha-Pitta

Triple dosha (three dosha elements are having an equal proportion from one with another)

  • Vata-Pitta-Kapha

Below is the illustration of the three dosha and their characteristics. You will know which dosha you are falling in by matching them up and see which dosha element you have the most.


Vata (space + air)


  • Light
  • Cold
  • Energetic
  • Mobile
  • Dry
  • Unstable

Physical Features:

  • Dry skin, thin hair, and fragile nail. Hand and feet easy getting cold.

People with a predominant Vata dosha like to imagine. They are very active and energetic. They are very creative and very intelligent. They are fast in learning but lack of persistency. They have rapid movement both mentally and emotionally. They don’t have good sleeping as they tend to have light sleep and easy to get insomnia.

They are shy and lack confidence. They tend to don’t have many patients. However, they are flexible and readily adapt to change. They will feel nervous, scared, and worried under stress.

Pitta (fire)



  • Medium build
  • Warm
  • Strong
  • Focus
  • Heat
  • Aggressive

Physical Feature:

  • Soft and warm skin.
  • May experience premature hair graying or hair loss.
  • Susceptible in body weight.
  • Perspire excessively.

People with a predominant pitta dosha tend to pursue perfection. They are ambitious and have a strong goal for achievement. They have strong desires in nature. Their speaking is very loud and often passionately dominates a conversation.

They dislike hot weather especially summer season as their eyes are sensitive to sunlight. These type of people are extroverted and love to be the limelight in the crowd.

Kapha (water + earth)



  • Large build
  • Breeze
  • Moisture
  • Oily
  • Slow
  • Stable
  • Structural

Physical Features:

  • Oily skin
  • Clear and pale complexion
  • Have a lot of hair
  • Easy getting weight
  • Strong and white teeth

People with a predominant Kapha Dosha are moderate and have good temperaments. They are the person that you can trust and rely on. They are slow in learning but having a good memory. They will feel sleepy and depress under stress. They tend to procrastinate on the tasks given to them.

They are having a low appetite and crony digestion. They are generally slow inactivity and also hard to motivate.

They are sentimental, romantic, highly tolerant, and forgiving.

Role of Doshas in Ayurvedic System

Ayurveda has been followed in India for ages and even today, large numbers of people rely on Ayurveda to treat diseases and health ailments. This form of science is native to India and people have been practicing it since 1500 BC.

However, in the present scenario not only in India but in other countries as well people practice it. Many people think that this is used only to treat diseases but this is only one side of the picture.

In addition to the treatment of diseases, Ayurveda is used to resolve many other issues related to a healthy living that includes sleeping patterns, proper diet, and sexual intercourse.

dosha type
dosha type

Ayurveda like many other forms of science is based on rules and principles but these principles are quite easy. Any person can get familiar with the principles of Ayurveda without having any prior knowledge of religious rituals and beliefs.

If you want to understand the Ayurvedic system in a better way then you should have a clear understanding of the doshas.

Three doshas play a vital role in maintaining the health of human beings and are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. People who practice this form of science believe that the proportions of these three doshas determine the healthiness of a human being.

If a person wants to be free from all kinds of diseases then three doshas must exist in a balanced state. If any imbalance happens in their occurrence level then surely the person must be suffering from one kind of health ailment or the other.

If you want to undergo Ayurvedic treatment for your diseases then the practitioner will analyze the state of three doshas inside your body.

It has been said that the composition of these doshas is different in different individuals and thus to get an effective treatment they should be analyzed properly. Apart from many different practices used in Ayurveda, yoga and meditation are given high priority.

Many people believe that through yoga one can conquer large numbers of diseases and thus it takes a significant place in the Ayurvedic system. Body massage is another practice that plays an important role in keeping one healthy according to Ayurveda.

Knowing The Elements and Substances

Being aware of exactly what elements a substance is constructed of is crucial to help you to comprehend the different types of effects produced by different substances. These particular effects in many cases are explained with regards to the attributes.

Therefore, the different elements together with their attributes will assist you to comprehend why a specific effect is produced. Then, it is possible for you to make use of this identical logic to help you to deal with an effect with activities that incorporate its contrary attributes.

By making everything right, you will be able to bring the balance of your doshas and hence live a healthy life. With the correct way of the use of the elements along with their attributes, you are now having a much better comprehension of the expected outcomes, physiology, and body structure.

In the event the ratio of doshas within a person’s present condition is in the vicinity of his/her birth metabolic rate, then his/her health is going to be vibrant.

Nevertheless, if there is a divergence between these states for a person, then it means that the person is getting to a state of disproportion and imbalance. The term of Vikruti is being used to refer to this imbalanced changes that get away from Prakruti.

There is no way for a person to change his/her dosha or elemental nature. For example, if a person intended to obtain pitta qualities, he/she is not able to do so by consuming plenty of food that has an abundant of pitta elements.

If you force yourself in doing so, there will have no help for your life balance and health but will make a negative effect on your predominant dosha.

The right way for you to do is to make changes in your nature by means of attaining positive attributes and reducing negative temperamental characteristics. This can be achieved with the use of your mind.

At the time you happen to be healthy, you’re naturally drawn to foods and activities very much the same in the elemental constitution to your body. If you are sick, the elements will become unbalanced and you will be drawn to foods and activities that have an opposite elemental composition in nature.

For instance, when you’re enduring from a cold, or red rash (this happens because of an imbalance in pitta), you should try to stay away from those foods that are pitta in nature like asparagus, caffeine, or salty and spicy foods.

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